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Wang Xin

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Wang Xin


Wang Xin (October 1918, Dangku, Wuxi, China – 15 October 2007) was a Chinese composer.

Wang loved music very much and learned to play the flute and Erhu early in life. Because of poverty, 14-year-old Wang Xin went to Shanghai to work as an apprentice in the Sincere Department Store in Nanjing Road in 1932. In 1935, he participated in the singing campaign to resist Japanese and save the nation led by Xian Xinghai, Lv Ji and actively promoted anti-Japanese movement in Ningbo, Zhejiang, etc. He went to Yan’an in 1938 to learn music from Xian Xinghai, Lv Ji and Xiang Yu in Luxun Literature and Arts College.

After liberation, Wang Xin worked in Tianjin. On the day before the National Day in 1950, he composed the Ode to the Motherland, which soon spread across China and became a popular and lasting piece of music. In October 29, 1951, Chairman Mao gave Wang Xin the newly published Selected Works of Mao Zedong in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and signed it for him. In 1954, the Ode to the Motherland won the first prize of the songs from people in China. In 1989, the song also won the Golden Disc Prize of China Record Corporation.

From the anti-Japanese war to the liberation war and afterwards, Wang Xin composed nearly a thousand songs, including Jin Ji Cha, Sun Rising to the Hill, Battle and Production, Village Head Election, Children Group of the Border Region, Crackdown on the Diehard, Forever Following the Communist Party of China, A Song of Praise to the Motherland, and Running towards Happiness. His opera work, A Song of Praise for Wang Jie, was performed before former Premier Zhou Enlai and received encouragement. He also composed music for Mao Zedong’s poems and interludes for the stage plays of the Red Rocks and Phoenix Hairpin.

In 1982, Wang Xin was struck by cerebral thrombosis and got hemiplegia. He maintained he passion for creating music works while courageously fighting against the illness. The songs he wrote after falling ill, such as Reaching for the Stars, Pushing the Earth Forward with a Hand from Everybody won prizes in national competitions. In 1994, he set up Wang Xin Song Composition Reward Foundation with all his savings.

In 2001, Wang Xin was awarded the Golden Bell Prize, which represents the highest honor for a musician in China.

- Program Note from Wikipedia

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