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Symphony V, Finale (Shostakovich)

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Dmitri Shostakovich

Dmitri Shostakovich (trans. Righter)


This work bears the designation Opus 47.


General Info

Year: 1937 / 1947
Duration: c. 13:50
Difficulty: V (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Boosey & Hawkes
Cost: Score and Parts - $150.00   |   Score Only - $19.50

For further availability information, see Discussion tab, above.


Instrumentation

Full Score
C Piccolo
C Flutes I-II
Oboes I-II
Bassoons I-II
E-flat Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinets Solo-I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
E-flat Alto Saxophones I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Bass Saxophone (B-flat Contrabass Clarinet)
B-flat Cornets Solo-I-II-III
B-flat Trumpets I-II
E-flat Horns I-II-III-IV
F Horns I-II-III-IV
Trombones I-II
Bass Trombone
Euphonium
Tuba
String Bass
Timpani
Piano (optional)
Percussion, including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Gong
  • Snare Drum
  • Tam-Tam
  • Triangle
  • Xylophone

Errata

  • B-flat Clarinet Solo-I. reh. D, beat 3: quarter note should read eighth note (barred to the following two sixteenth notes)
  • B-flat Clarinet Solo-I. reh. N, beat 1: F sharp should read F natural
  • Bassoon II. reh. D, beat 5: eighth rest should read quarter rest
  • Horn in E-flat I. reh. D, beat 5: eighth rest should read quarter rest
  • Horn in F IV. 10 meas. after reh. N, beat 3: add a courtesy accidental natural sign

Program Notes

Dmitri Shostakovich struggled famously under the yoke of Josef Stalin and the Soviet cultural apparatus. His symphonies, still immensely popular in today’s concert halls, display his ability to communicate in his own voice while managing the expectations of the regime.

Shostakovich employed a traditional four-movement format with his Fifth Symphony, perhaps seeking to avoid the harsh criticism and threats received by his more modernist works. Premièred in 1937 by the Leningrad Philharmonic, the symphony was an immediate success, its struggle and tragedy connecting with audiences across Russia during an era of Stalinist purging. After three movements of darkness, the finale opens with a militaristic flourish and bone-chilling percussion. Yet, the symphony does not conclude without hope; as Shostakovich revealed later in life: “I wanted to convey in the symphony how, through a series of tragic conflicts of great inner spiritual turmoil, optimism asserts itself as a world view.”

- Program Note from Marine Band concert program, 7 July 2016


Completed in 1937, this symphony is commonly subtitled A Soviet artist’s reply to just criticism after Stalin’s denouncement of Shostakovich’s opera Lady Macbeth of Mtensk for its degenerate and modernist tendencies. Any kind of adventurous music was banned. Shostakovich became a marked man and his Mahleresque Fourth Symphony was withdrawn not long after its premiere.

The Fifth Symphony follows the outline of a traditional symphony, providing safe music, following old formulas. It was a rousing success. Shostakovich reportedly said, “The idea behind my symphony is the making of a man. I saw him, with all his experience, at the centre of the work, which is lyrical from beginning to end. The Finale brings an optimistic solution to the tragic parts of the first movement.”

In his memoirs, smuggled from Russia after his death, he wrote: "What exultation could there be? I think it is clear to everyone what happens in the Fifth. The rejoicing is forced, created under threat ... It’s as if someone were beating you with a stick and saying, ‘Your business is rejoicing, your business is rejoicing,’ and you rise, shaky, and go marching off, muttering, ‘Our business is rejoicing, our business is rejoicing.’ What kind of apotheosis is that? You have to be a complete oaf not to hear that."

- Program Note by William V. Johnson for the San Luis Obispo Wind Orchestra concert program, 15 May 2010


Commercial Discography


State Ratings

  • Alabama: Class AA
  • Arkansas: V
  • Florida: VI
  • Georgia: VI
  • Iowa: V
  • Indiana: ISSMA SENIOR BAND GROUP I
  • Kansas: VI
  • Louisiana: V
  • Maryland: VI
  • Minnesota: I
  • Mississippi: VI-A
  • New York: Concert Band VI
  • North Carolina: VI
  • Oklahoma: V-A
  • South Carolina: VI
  • Tennessee: VI
  • Texas: V. Complete
  • Virginia: VI


Performances

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Works for Winds by this Composer


References

  • Shostakovich, D.; Righter, C. (1947). Finale from Symphony No. 5 [score]. Boosey & Hawkes: [New York]