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Rondo

From Wind Repertory Project
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (arr. Carolyn Coles)


Subtitle: From Concerto for Clarinet in Bb, Op. 107

The full concerto bears the designation K. 622.


General Info

Year: 1791 / 1955
Duration: c. 6:50
Difficulty: (see Ratings for explanation)
Original Medium: Clarinet and orchestra
Publisher: Hal Leonard
Cost: Score and Parts – Out of print.

For availability information, see Discussion tab, above.


Instrumentation

Condensed Score
Solo Clarinet
D-flat Piccolo
Flute I-II
Oboe
Bassoon
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet Solo-I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
B-flat Cornet I-II-III
E-flat Horn or Alto I-II-III-IV
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III-IV
Euphonium
Tuba


Errata

None discovered thus far.


Program Notes

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s death two months after completing this concerto left it as his final piece for orchestral instruments, and a testament to a longstanding friendship. Both it and his earlier Clarinet Quintet in A, K 581 (1789) were written to celebrate the genius of the virtuoso clarinetist Anton Stadler (1753-1812).

Part of the appeal of the clarinet is the diversity of sound quality it can produce in its different registers. The lowest notes have the warm, rich quality of a smooth and sophisticated baritone. The middle range gives the cool, deliciously smoky effect of a gifted torch singer, while the top register is as clear and bright as a coloratura soprano. The clarinet’s distinctive sound can communicate high mirth at one moment and melancholy the next. Mozart loved the instrument and was one of the first composers to include it in the standard orchestral configuration of his symphonic works.

- Program Note by San Luis Obispo Wind Orchestra concert program, 19 March 2011


Mozart's Clarinet Concerto in A major, K. 622, was written in October 1791 for the clarinetist Anton Stadler. It consists of three movements, in a fast–slow–fast succession:

Allegro (in A major and in sonata form)
Adagio (in D major and in ternary form)
Rondo: Allegro (in A major and in rondo form)

It was also one of Mozart's final completed works, and his final purely instrumental work (he died less than two months after its October premiere).[not verified in body] The concerto is notable for its delicate interplay between soloist and orchestra, and for the lack of overly extroverted display on the part of the soloist (no cadenzas are written out in the solo part).

The closing rondo, Allegro, has a cheerful refrain, with episodes either echoing this mood or recalling the darker colours of the first movement. It is a blend of sonata and rondo forms that Mozart developed in his piano concertos, most notably the A major Piano Concerto, K. 488. This piece is in ABACABA form, with the middle A's being shorter restatements of the theme, unlike regular rondo form, which is ABACA.

- Program Note from Wikipedia


Commercial Discography

None discovered thus far.


State Ratings

None discovered thus far.


Performances

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Works for Winds by this Composer


Resources