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Planets, The (tr Smith)

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Gustav Holst

Gustav Holst (tr. Smith)


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This work bears the designation Opus 32.


General Info

Year: 1916 / 1924?
Duration: c. 50:00
Difficulty: (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Boosey & Hawkes
Cost: Score and Parts – Out of print

For availability information, see Discussion area.


Movements

1. Mars, the Bringer of War - 7:56
2. Venus, the Bringer of Peace - 8:20
3. Mercury, the Winged Messenger - 4:18
4. Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity - 7:50
5. Saturn, the Bringer of Old Age - 9:23
6. Uranus, the Magician - 5:19
7. Neptune, the Mystic - 6:53


Instrumentation

Full Score
C Piccolo
Flute
Oboe
Bassoon I-II
E-flat Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet Solo-I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
B-flat Contrabass Clarinet
E-flat Alto Saxophone
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Bass Saxophone
Cornets Solo-I-II
B-flat Trumpet I-II
E-flat Horn or Alto I-II
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II
Bass Trombone
Euphonium (Bass Clef & Treble Clef)
Tuba
String Bass
Timpani
Percussion

(percussion detail needed)


Errata

None discovered thus far.


Program Notes

Together with his friend and follow composer Ralph Vaughan Williams, Holst played a major role in reenergizing English concert music by injecting it with the spirit, and at times the letter, of the country's folk music. Both composers also created music in a more cosmopolitan style, such as this engaging, brilliantly scored suite for orchestra. The Planets is widely thought of as Holst's most popular composition, much to his chagrin.

When it came to outside interests, Holst usually concerned himself only with those that stimulated his creative imagination. During a tour of Spain in 1913, a fellow traveler, author Clifford Bax, introduced him to astrology. Soon afterwards, Holst wrote a friend, “...recently the character of each planet suggested lots to me, and I have been studying astrology fairly closely."

The large-scale orchestral suite that resulted from this interest depicts the astrological characters of seven planets in our solar system (he didn’t include Earth since it is astrologically inert, and Pluto had yet to be discovered). These characters differ from their mythological personalities, although Holst's portrait of Venus manages to conjure both her mythological beauty and her astrological peacefulness.

-Program note by Kathy Boster


The Planets, composed for orchestra in 1915, is a suite of seven tone poems, each describing symbolically a different planet. The work has insistent odd meters of five and seven beats, thick streams of parallel triads, and an opulent instrumentation. The entire suite was first performed for a private audience in 1918 and in public, without Venus and Neptune, in 1919.

Jupiter – the Bringer of Jollity is introduced by a genial syncopated dance, appropriately so since a happy and festive mood is maintained throughout this movement. Holst's love of English folk song and dance is readily demonstrated here. The middle section presents a surprising contrast – a majestic flowing melody in 3/4 meter which Holst later used for a patriotic song.

Mars – The Bringer of War was complete in the composer's mind in the early summer of 1914, when the First World War was but an emerging threat. The work is dominated by a relentless hammering out of a 5/4 rhythm which suggests the relentless destruction of war. The opposition of harmony and rhythm is skillfully used to produce a startling aural and emotional effect. This movement was transcribed for band by the composer.

- Program Note from Program Notes for Band


Commercial Discography

None discovered thus far.



State Ratings

None discovered thus far.


Performances

To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project


Works for Winds by this Composer


References