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Pascual Marquina

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Pascual Marquina

Biography

Pascual Marquina Narro (16 May 1873, Calatayud, Spain - 13 June 1948, Madrid) was a prolific Spanish orchestral and operatic composer, known particularly for his pasodoble works, such as España Cañí.

Marquina was born into a family of musicians. His father, James Marquina Redrado, was director of several orchestras, including the Musical Band of the Bilbilitana Union and the Band of Tobé Music Torrella. His first music lessons came from his father, but after seven years he became part of the Childrens Choir of the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre, under the direction of Hazel Ildefonso. By the age of nine he was playing flute with the Musical Band of the Bilbilitana Union. At fifteen he wrote his first composition, a work for tenor and organ entitled Osarum. He became director of Band of Daroca at age 17.

Following military service in the Regiment Band Luchana in Barcelona, Marquina studied composition and harmony at the Municipal Music Conservatory of Barcelona under the supervision of José María Varela Silvari (1848-1926) and Martinez Sorolla y Bonet, among others. In 1901 he became director of the Band of the Regiment of Cazadores de Llerena and later, in 1916, the Band of the Second Regiment of Engineers Sapper Madrid, with whom he gave many concerts in Spain and abroad.

In 1904 he began to compose tonal works to impress the public of Madrid. In 1914 he became director of the Teatro de la Zarzuela. He was artistic director for 18 years of the record label His Master's Voice.

Marquina was given the Cross of the Order of Victory UK by a composition that met the Spanish anthem, the Marcha Real, and the popular song God Save the Queen, on the occasion of the wedding of Alfonso XIII of Spain with Victoria Eugenia Battenberg. He was also honored with the Plate and San Hermenegildo Cruz, the Military Merit Cross and Cross Rif.

Marquina is also the composer of greatest pasodoble, the world-famous España Cañi, which originally bore the name of The Cañí Patternmaker, dedicated to José López de la Osa. The work was premiered in Almansa (where José López lived) at his door, performed by the band Engineers of Madrid. The work was composed on a train ride to Madrid, inspired by the rattle of the train.

There are streets dedicated to Pascual Marquina d in the cities of Cartagena, Calatayud, Zaragoza, Oviedo and Montilla.


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