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Overture and March "1776"

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Charles Ives

Charles Ives (trans. James B. Sinclair)

General Info

Year: 1904, rev. 1910 / 1975
Duration: c. 3:00
Original Medium: Theater Orchestra
Publisher: Theodore Presser Co.
Cost: Score and Parts - Unknown| Score Only - $4.50


Full Score
Piccolo I-II
Flute I-II
Oboe I-II
Eb Soprano Clarinet
Bb Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
Eb Alto Clarinet
Bb Bass Clarinet
Bassoon I-II
Bb Soprano Sax (Alto Sax I double
Eb Alto Sax I-II
Bb Tenor Sax I-II
Eb Baritone Sax
Bb Cornet I-II-III
Bb Trumpet I (Flugelhorn double)
Bb Trumpet II
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III
Baritone (Treble clef & Bass clef)
Percussion I-II-III, including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Bells
  • Celesta
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Snare Drum
  • Tam-Tam
  • Triangle
  • Xylophone


None discovered thus far.

Program Notes

Ives composed this overture to begin his never-realized opera on his uncle Lyman Brewster's verse play Major John Andre (a British soldier hanged by the Revolutionists for his complicity with Benedict Arnold). By now in his twenty-ninth year and at last free from the strictures of professional music, one of Ives's basic tenets had become the equation of dissonance with physical, intellectual, and moral toughness -- national as well as individual. Unconstrained, he lets loose a barrage of patriotic songs from both sides of the struggle (though a few, like the Star Spangled Banner fragment signaling the final "Fourth of July" rocket, are anachronistic). The idea of conflict is intensified further by some ear-stretching "band stuff" -- like the mixed-up cornet shanks in B-flat and A, and the methodical skewing of the martial beat. Some years later, Ives would combine "1776" with Country Band March to form the fantasia Putnam's Camp in his orchestral set Three Places in New England.

- Program Note by Jonathan Elkus

Commercial Discography

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  • University of Maryland (College Park) Wind Ensemble (Brian Coffill, conductor) – 29 April 2016

Works for Winds by this Composer