Morton Gould (10 December 1913, Richmond Hill, New York - 21 February 1996, Orlando, Fla.) was an American pianist, composer, conductor, and arranger. Gould was recognized early as a child prodigy with abilities in improvisation and composition. His first composition was published at age six. Gould studied at the Institute of Musical Art, although his most important teachers were Abby Whiteside and Vincent Jones.
During the Depression, Gould, while a teenager, worked in New York City playing piano in movie theaters, as well as with vaudeville acts. When Radio City Music Hall opened, Gould was hired as the staff pianist. By 1935, he was conducting and arranging orchestral programs for New York's WOR radio station, where he reached a national audience via the Mutual Broadcasting System, combining popular programming with classical music.
As a conductor, Gould led all of the major American orchestras as well as those of Canada, Mexico, Europe, Japan, and Australia. With his orchestra, he recorded music of many classical standards, including Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue on which he also played the piano. He won a Grammy Award in 1966 for his recording of Charles Ives' First Symphony, with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. In 1983, Gould received the American Symphony Orchestra League's Gold Baton Award. In 1986, he was president of ASCAP, a position he held until 1994. In 1986 he was elected to the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters.
Incorporating new styles into his repertoire as they emerged, Gould incorporated wildly disparate elements, including a rapping narrator and a singing fire department into commissions for the Pittsburgh Youth Symphony. In 1993, his work Ghost Waltzes was commissioned for the ninth Van Cliburn International Piano Competition. In 1994, Gould received the Kennedy Center Honor in recognition of lifetime contributions to American culture.
In 1995, Gould was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Stringmusic, a composition commissioned by the National Symphony Orchestra in recognition of the final season of director Mtislav Rostropovich. In 2005, he was honored with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. He also was a member of the board of the American Symphony Orchestra League and of the National Endowment for the Arts music panel.
Works for Winds
- American Ballads, Settings of American Tunes (1976)
- American Patrol (Gould)
- American Salute (tr. Lang) (1943/1971)
- American Salute (arr. Wagner) (1943/2009)
- American Youth March
- Ballad for Band (1946)
- Café Rio (1957)
- Centennial Symphony, Gala for Band (1983)
- Cheers! — A Celebration March (1979)
- Cinerama Holiday (1955)
- Concertette for Viola and Band (1943)
- Cowboy Rhapsody (arr. Bennett)
- Derivations for Solo Clarinet and Band (1955)
- The Deserted Ballroom (tr. Bennett) (1938)
- Dramatic Fanfares (arr. Brunelli) (1964/1967)
- Family Album Suite
- Fanfare for Freedom (1943)
- The First Noel (as arranger) (1949)
- Folk Suite (arr. Lang) (1959)
- Four Latin American Symphonette (arr. Koekelkoren) (1942/1998)
- Fourth of July (1947)
- Global Greetings(1994)
- Holiday Music (1947)
- Holocaust Suite (arr. Gould) (1978/1980)
- Jericho Rhapsody (1941)
- Jingle Bells (as arranger) (1857/1952)
- Jubilo. See: America Ballads, Jubilo - on "Year of Jubilo"
- Latin American Symphonette (arr. Koekelkoren) (1942/1998)
- March of the Leathernecks (arr. Lang) (1943/1944)
- Memorials. See: American Ballads, Memorials — on “Taps”
- Mini-Suite for Band (1968)
- Old Romance
- Overture from “Folk Suite”
- Parade of the Wooden Soldiers (as arranger; trans. Patterson)
- Pavanne (1938)
- Prisms (1962)
- Prologue, from CBS-TV series “World War I”
- Red Cavalry March (tr. Lang) (1943)
- Remembrance Day (Soliloquy for a Passing Century) (1995)
- Revolutionary Prelude, from CBS-TV documentary “World War I”
- Saint Lawrence Suite (1958)
- Santa Fe Saga (1956)
- Saratoga Quickstep. See: American Ballads, Saratoga Quickstep — on “The Girl I Left Behind”
- Sarajevo Suite (1964)
- Skier's Waltz. See: Cinerama Holiday Skier’s Waltz
- Soft Shoe Serenade from “Hoofer Suite” (1956)
- Star-Spangled Overture. See: American Ballads, Star-Spangled Overture - on "The Star-Spangled Banner"
- Symphonette No. 2 (1938)
- Symphony No. 4 (1952)
- Taps. See: American Ballads, Memorials — on “Taps”
- We Shall Overcome. See: American Ballads, Hymnal
- West Point Symphony. See: Symphony No. 4
- Windjammer (Highlights) (1958)
- Yankee Doodle (tr. Lang) (1945)
- Batcheller, James. "Hymnal (on "We Shall Overcome")." In Teaching Music through Performance in Band. Volume 10, Compiled and edited by Richard Miles, 616-628. Chicago: GIA Publications, 2015.
- Miles, Richard B., and Larry Blocher. (2010). Teaching Music through Performance in Band. Volume 1. Chicago: GIA Publications. pp. 197.
- Morton Gould, Wikipedia Accessed 5 January 2017
- Morton Gould, Prized Composers, University of Washington
- US Army Bands Educational Resources for American Salute