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Jericho Rhapsody

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Morton Gould

Morton Gould


Title varies.


General Info

Year: 1941
Duration: c. 11:35
Difficulty: V (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Alfred Music
Cost: Score and Parts - $100.00   |   Score Only - $9.00


Instrumentation

Full Score
C Piccolo (div. a2)
Flute I-II
Oboe
Bassoon
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet (div. a2)
B-flat Bass Clarinet (div. a2)
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Bass Saxophone
B-flat Cornet I-II-III
B-flat Trumpet I-II-III
B-flat Flugelhorn (div. a2)
F Horn I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III
Euphonium
Tuba
String Bass
Timpani
Percussion, including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Snare Drums (2)
  • Suspended Cymbal
  • Tambourine
  • Tom-tom
  • Vibraphone


Errata

Older Edition:

See errata list in Arnald Gabriel's article in The Instrumentalist (cited in the References below).


Modern Edition:

In Score:

  • C Piccolo, m. 1, beat 1: The 2nd sixteenth note should be a G5
  • Flutes, m. 1, beat 1: The 2nd sixteenth note should be a G6
  • E-flat Soprano Clarinet, beat 2: G5 should be a B5
  • E-flat Alto Saxophone I, beat 2: G5 should be a B5
  • E-flat Alto Saxophone II, beat 2: G5 should be a B5
  • B-flat Tenor Saxophone, beat 2: C5 should be a E5
  • E-flat Baritone Saxophone, beat 2: G5 should be a B5
  • B-flat Bass Saxophone, m. 41: Add marking "Col. Tenor Saxophone" (should play exactly the same run as the tenor saxophone, sounding an octave lower)
  • B-flat Bass Saxophone, m. 136: Should play exactly the same thing as the tuba for that bar only (Transpositions (Tuba -> Bs Sax): A-flat2 -> B-flat4; D-flat2 -> E-flat4)
  • B-flat Bass Saxophone, m. 140: Should play exactly the same thing as the tuba for that bar only (Transpositions (Tuba -> Bs Sax): A-flat2 -> B-flat4; D-flat2 -> E-flat4)
  • Bassoon, m. 137, beat 4: Add a slur over the two sixteenth notes and eighth note
  • Bassoon, m. 183, beat 4: E-natural3 should be a E-flat
  • Bassoon, m. 191, beat 2: B-natural3 should be a D4
  • Bassoon, m. 265, and of beat 4: G3 should be a F3
  • Bassoon, m. 265a, and of beat 4: G3 should be a F3
  • Bassoon, m. 278-279: From beat 3 of m. 278 to beat 1 of m. 279, the E4 on the top divisi should be a G4 and the G3 on the bottom divisi should be a D4
  • Bassoon, m. 293-294: Add a tie connecting the whole note interval on m. 293 to the eighth note interval on m. 294
  • B-flat Trumpet II, m. 54, beat 1: C natural should be a C-sharp
  • B-flat Trumpet III, m. 54, beat 1: G-sharp should be a G-natural
  • Euphonium, m. 292-293: Remove tie connecting the two D's
  • Euphonium, m. 293: D3 should be a C3
  • Percussion*, m. 58-63: First, switch the notes so that the notes on the staff of S.D. 1 from m. 58-62 are on the staff of S.D. 2 and vice versa. Second, for S.D. 2, tie the whole note on m. 58 to the dotted half note on m. 59 and that dotted half note to the quarter note on beat 4 of m. 59. Third, for S.D. 1, tie the dotted half note on m. 62 to the quarter note on m. 63.
  • Percussion, Snare Drum, m. 293-294: Should have the same dynamic and hairpin crescendo marking as bass drum
  • Percussion, Snare Drum, m. 195-196: These two measures should match the previous measures
  • Percussion, Bass Drum, m. 198-201: These four measures should match the previous measures
  • Percussion, Bass Drum, m. 260-261: Hairpin crescendo should be a hairpin diminuendo
  • Percussion, Bass Drum, m. 286, beat 2: Add hairpin crescendo ending before beat 1 of m. 287


In Parts

  • Bassoon, m. 46: Hairpin crescendo should start on beat 2 and end before the and of beat 3
  • Bassoon, m. 58, beat 1: On the bottom divisi, the second sixteenth note should be a E2 instead of a D2
  • Bassoon, m. 124, and of beat 1: Remove dot on the quarter note
  • Bassoon, m. 161, "ah" of beat 2: E4 should be a F4
  • Bassoon, m. 271: Hairpin crescendo should start on beat 1 and end before beat 4
  • Bassoon, m. 273: Add a hairpin crescendo starting on beat 1 and ending before beat 4
  • Bassoon, m. 274-275: Add a hairpin crescendo starting on beat 3 of m. 274 and ending before beat 1 of m. 275


In Score and Parts:

  • B-flat Cornet I, m. 18-19: G-sharp5 should be a G-natural for all notes
  • B-flat Trumpet I, m. 18-19: G-sharp5 should be a G-natural for all notes


*From page 14-15, these should be two snare drums staggering rolls. In the part, it is not notated as Player 1 or 2, but in this case, for clarity, it is notated in this errata as "Snare Drum 1" and "Snare Drum 2". Snare Drum 1 (which is the player that starts the roll at m. 48) is notated as "muffled" while "Snare Drum 2" (which on the score is notated as Bass Drum muffled) is not muffled. Snare Drum 1 is on the top staff and Snare Drum 2 is on the bottom staff where it says "B.D." on the far left of the staff.


Program Notes

Morton Gould wrote his Jericho Rhapsody in 1940 for Col. George S. Howard. It was of Gould’s earliest major band works, and remains in the repertoire even today, some 74 years later. The work refers to and develops the spiritual Jericho, and is programmatic in idea and structure. It deals with the Biblical story of Jericho and contains a number of descriptive sections in one continuous movement. The climax of the piece uses the trumpets (Jordan’s trumpets), in a long series of fanfares, ending with the walls “tumbling down.”

- Program Note from Heritage Encyclopedia of Band Music


Jericho Rhapsody was composed for the Pennsylvania Music Association (now PMEA) in 1939 at the request of George S. Howard. In this work Gould uses jazz rhythms and modern chords, antiphonal trumpets, and heavy percussion to emphasize the various sequences in the familiar Old Testament story of Joshua at Jericho. Moving without pause, the rhapsody includes Prologue, Roll Call, Chant, Dance, March and Battle, Joshua's Trumpets, The Walls Came Tumblin' Down and Hallelujah.

- Program Note from Program Notes for Band


Jericho Rhapsody (1939) is inspired from the familiar biblical story of Joshua and the Battle of Jericho. When Colonel Arnald D. Gabriel, conductor of the United States Air Force Band (1964-1985), asked Gould about his preparations before writing Jericho Rhapsody, Gould replied, “All I did was read the Book of Joshua.” The opening portion of the piece is based upon the Lord’s words to Joshua telling him to be strong and courageous in the wake of Moses’ death. Gould used another bit of scripture based on the Israelites’ journey into the Promised Land. Although the battle of Jericho in ancient times involved the use of seven trumpets, Gould chose to use three cornets and three trumpets to create the antiphonal call-and-response of the battle.

Moving without pause, the rhapsody begins with the Prologue, continues with the Roll Call, Chant, Dance, March and Battle, Joshua’s Trumpets, The Walls Came Tumblin’ Down, and concludes with the Hallelujah. The piece ends with a D Major chord -- a consonance which has been reserved for the final “amen.”

- Program Note from University of North Texas Symphonic Band concert program, 5 February 2019


Commercial Discography


Audio Links


State Ratings

  • Alabama: Class AA
  • Arkansas: V
  • Indiana: ISSMA SENIOR BAND GROUP I
  • Kansas: V
  • Louisiana: V
  • Michigan: Senior High AA
  • Minnesota: I
  • Mississippi: VI-A
  • New York: Concert Band VI
  • North Carolina: VI
  • Oklahoma: V-A
  • South Carolina: VI
  • Tennessee: V
  • Virginia: VI


Performances

To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project

  • Texas A&M University (College Station) Wind Symphony (Timothy Rhea, conductor) – 24 November 2019
  • Trinity University (San Antonio, Tx.) Symphonic Wind Ensemble (James Worman, conductor) - 3 November 2019
  • Sonoma State University (Rohnert Park, Calif.) Symphonic Wind Ensemble (Andy Collinsworth, conductor) – 10 May 2019
  • University of North Texas (Denton) Symphonic Band (Dennis W. Fisher, conductor) – 5 February 2019
  • Grand Canyon University (Phoenix, Ariz.) Wind Ensemble (Paul A. Koch, conductor) - 9 October 2018
  • Harding University (Searcy, Ark.) Wind Ensemble (Mike Chance, conductor) - 19 April 2018
  • Knightwind Ensemble (Milwaukee, Wisc.) (Erik N. Janners, conductor) – 29 October 2017
  • University of North Texas (Denton) Wind Ensemble (Nicholas Enrico Williams, conductor) – 16 February 2016
  • University of North Texas (Denton) Symphonic Band (Dennis W. Fisher, conductor) - 23 October 2014
  • Urbana (Ill.) High School Concert Band (Darren Hicks, conductor) - 2012
  • San Luis Obispo (Calif.) Wind Orchestra (Chungsam Doh, conductor) - 13 April 2008


Works for Winds by this Composer


References