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Jericho Rhapsody

From Wind Repertory Project
Morton Gould

Morton Gould


Title varies.


General Info

Year: 1941
Duration: c. 11:35
Difficulty: V (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Alfred Music
Cost: Score and Parts - $100.00   |   Score Only - $9.00


Instrumentation

Full Score
C Piccolo
Flute I-II
Oboe
Bassoon
Eb Clarinet
Bb Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
Eb Alto Clarinet
Bb Bass Clarinet
Eb Alto Saxophone I-II
Bb Tenor Saxophone
Eb Baritone Saxophone
Cornets I-II-III
Bb Trumpet I-II-III
Flugelhorn
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III
Euphonium (Bass Clef & Treble Clef)
Tuba
String Bass
Timpani
Percussion, including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Snare Drum
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Tambourine
  • Vibraphone


Errata

See errata list in Arnald Gabriel's article in The Instrumentalist (cited in the References below).


Program Notes

Morton Gould wrote his Jericho Rhapsody in 1940 for Col. George S. Howard. It was of Gould’s earliest major band works, and remains in the repertoire even today, some 74 years later. The work refers to and develops the spiritual Jericho, and is programmatic in idea and structure. It deals with the Biblical story of Jericho and contains a number of descriptive sections in one continuous movement. The climax of the piece uses the trumpets (Jordan’s trumpets), in a long series of fanfares, ending with the walls “tumbling down.”

- Program Note from Heritage Encyclopedia of Band Music


Jericho Rhapsody was composed for the Pennsylvania Music Association (now PMEA) in 1939 at the request of George S. Howard. In this work Gould uses jazz rhythms and modern chords, antiphonal trumpets, and heavy percussion to emphasize the various sequences in the familiar Old Testament story of Joshua at Jericho. Moving without pause, the rhapsody includes Prologue, Roll Call, Chant, Dance, March and Battle, Joshua's Trumpets, The Walls Came Tumblin' Down and Hallelujah.

- Program Note from Program Notes for Band


Jericho Rhapsody (1939) is inspired from the familiar biblical story of Joshua and the Battle of Jericho. When Colonel Arnald D. Gabriel, conductor of the United States Air Force Band (1964-1985), asked Gould about his preparations before writing Jericho Rhapsody, Gould replied, “All I did was read the Book of Joshua.” The opening portion of the piece is based upon the Lord’s words to Joshua telling him to be strong and courageous in the wake of Moses’ death. Gould used another bit of scripture based on the Israelites’ journey into the Promised Land. Although the battle of Jericho in ancient times involved the use of seven trumpets, Gould chose to use three cornets and three trumpets to create the antiphonal call-and-response of the battle.

Moving without pause, the rhapsody begins with the Prologue, continues with the Roll Call, Chant, Dance, March and Battle, Joshua’s Trumpets, The Walls Came Tumblin’ Down, and concludes with the Hallelujah. The piece ends with a D Major chord -- a consonance which has been reserved for the final “amen.”

- Program Note from University of North Texas Symphonic Band concert program, 5 February 2019


Commercial Discography


Audio Links


State Ratings

  • Alabama: Class AA
  • Arkansas: V
  • Indiana: ISSMA SENIOR BAND GROUP I
  • Kansas: V
  • Louisiana: V
  • Michigan: Senior High AA
  • Minnesota: I
  • Mississippi: VI-A
  • New York: Concert Band VI
  • North Carolina: VI
  • Oklahoma: V-A
  • South Carolina: VI
  • Tennessee: V
  • Virginia: VI


Performances

To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project

  • Texas A&M University (College Station) Wind Symphony (Timothy Rhea, conductor) – 24 November 2019
  • Sonoma State University (Rohnert Park, Calif.) Symphonic Wind Ensemble (Andy Collinsworth, conductor) – 10 May 2019
  • University of North Texas (Denton) Symphonic Band (Dennis W. Fisher, conductor) – 5 February 2019
  • Grand Canyon University (Phoenix, Ariz.) Wind Ensemble (Paul A. Koch, conductor) - 9 October 2018
  • Harding University (Searcy, Ark.) Wind Ensemble (Mike Chance, conductor) - 19 April 2018
  • Knightwind Ensemble (Milwaukee, Wisc.) (Erik N. Janners, conductor) – 29 October 2017
  • University of North Texas (Denton) Wind Ensemble (Nicholas Enrico Williams, conductor) – 16 February 2016
  • University of North Texas (Denton) Symphonic Band (Dennis W. Fisher, conductor) - 23 October 2014
  • Urbana (Ill.) High School Concert Band ( Darren Hicks, conductor) - 2012
  • San Luis Obispo (Calif.) Wind Orchestra (Chungsam Doh, conductor) - 13 April 2008


Works for Winds by this Composer


References

  • Gabriel, A. (1995). "Conflict and passion in Morton Gould's Jericho: An interpretive analysis." The Instrumentalist 49, no. 6 (January 1995): 24-28.
  • Gould, M. (1941). Jericho: Rhapsody for Band [score]. Mills Music: New York.
  • Heritage Encyclopedia of Band Music. "Jericho Rhapsody." Accessed 13 July 2014.
  • Smith, Norman E. (2002). Program Notes for Band. Chicago: GIA Publications, pp. 245.