Great Gate of Kiev

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Modest Mussorgsky

Modest Mussorgsky (arr. Lawrence Odom)

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General Info

Year: 1874 /
Difficulty: (see Ratings for explanation)
Original Medium: Piano
Publisher: Unknown (probably U.S. Air Force Band)
Cost: Score and Parts - Unknown


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None discovered thus far.

Program Notes

Pictures at an Exhibition is a suite of ten piano pieces, plus a recurring, varied Promenade theme, composed by Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky in 1874. The composition is based on pictures by the artist, architect, and designer Viktor Hartmann. The piece is Mussorgsky's most famous piano composition, and it has become a showpiece for virtuoso pianists. It became further widely known through various orchestrations and arrangements produced by other composers and musicians, with Maurice Ravel's 1922 adaptation for full symphony orchestra being the most recorded and performed.

The Bogatyr Gates (In the Capital in Kyiv) is the final movement of the suite. Bogatyrs are heroes that appear in Russian epics called "bylinas." Viktor Hartmann designed a monumental gate for Tsar Alexander II to commemorate the monarch's narrow escape from an assassination attempt on April 4, 1866. Hartmann's sketch was his design for city gates at Kyiv in the ancient Russian massive style with a cupola shaped like a slavonic helmet." Hartmann regarded his design as the best work he had done. His design won the national competition but plans to build the structure were later cancelled. The movement's grand main theme exalts the opening Promenade much as Baba Yaga amplified Gnomus; also like that movement, it evens out the meter of its earlier counterpart. The solemn secondary theme is based on a baptismal hymn from the repertory of Russian Orthodox chant.

- Program Note adapted from Wikipedia


None discovered thus far.

State Ratings

None discovered thus far.


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  • United States Air Force Band of the West (San Antonio, Tx.) (Lowell Graham, conductor) - 21 July 2022

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