Florentiner (arr Lake)
Julius Fučík (arr. Mayhew Lake; ed. Frederick Fennell)
Subtitle: Grande Marcia Italiana
This work bears the designation Opus 214.
Year: 1907 / 1980
Duration: c. 5:25
Difficulty: IV (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Carl Fischer
Cost: Score and Parts (print) - $110.00 | Score Only (print) - $20.00
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
E-flat Contra Alto Clarinet
B-flat Contrabass Clarinet
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Cornet I-II-III-IV
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
- Bass Drum
- Concert Snare Drum
- Crash Cymbals
- Field Drum
- Piccolo Snare Drum
- Oboe. 1 m. after reh. E: Add a crescendo through the measure.
- Clarinet II. 1 m. after reh. E: Add a crescendo through the measure.
- Contrabass Clarinet. 1 m. before reh. D: written F should have a staccato.
- Alto Saxophone. 6 m. after reh. E: Should be marked fortissimo.
- Alto Saxophone. 4 m. after reh. X: D sharp should read D natural
- Alto Saxophone. 5 m. after reh. X, beat 2: D sharp should read D natural
- Cornet I. 4 after reh. N should be marked piano.
- Cornet I, 4 m. after reh. V, beat 2&: Eighth note (G-flat) should read 2 sixteenth notes (as in 2 m. after V)
- Cornet III. 1 m. after reh. E: Add a crescendo through the measure.
- Horn II. reh. P and 1 m. after reh. P: Written B-flat should be C.
- Horn II. 1st and 2nd ending before reh. F: Cs should have staccatos.
- Horn II. 1 m. before reh. H: Should be marked fortissimo.
- Horn III. 1 m. before reh. H: C should read E-flat
- Trombone I. reh. W: should be marked fortissimo.
- Baritone BC. mm. 3-4 of reh. M: Add slur from C to A-flat.
- Basses (Tubas). Reh. R and 1 m. after reh. R: D-flat should read D natural
Although most audiences remember Julius Fučik for his Entry of the Gladiators March, a recent international popularity poll indicates a preference for his Florentiner March. The length and content of this march lead the listener to suspect that, like Sousa with his Free Lance March, Fučik must have attempted to condense the most important material for an operetta into a march.
The work opens with a short bugle fanfare and proceeds directly into a strain of repeated notes which seem to picture a flighty Florentine signorina chattering to her gentleman friend from Berlin who is given only enough time to answer a (two-note) "ja-wohl!" occasionally. The work continues with another fanfare; a light and beautiful trio melody; an interlude; and a triumphant repeat with a challenging piccolo part.
In the November 1969 issue of The Instrumentalist, Uno Andersson notes that this march was originally titled La Rosa de Toscana, but that political reasons forced the composer to change his salute from the entire region of Tuscany to its capital, Florence.
- Program Note by Program Notes for Band
In 1897 Fučik landed a position as bandmaster of the 86th regiment in Sarajevo and subsequently transferred to Budapest. Feeling challenged by the musical competition in Budapest, Fučik was inspired to compose Florentiner in 1907. Receiving great acclaim, the piece pays homage to Florence, Italy, and contains the length and content of a condensed operetta. Two trumpet fanfares open the curtains, followed by a stately march depicting residents of the grand city rushing to meet a nobleman’s entourage. The nobleman sees a beautiful courtesan and conversation ensues as chirps from the woodwinds denote gossiping village women. The scene concludes with a celebratory theme from the brass as the couple is wed and the curtain closes.
- Program Note from The Ohio State University Symphonic Band concert program, 6 October 2016
Fučik composed the Florentiner march in 1907 while he was the bandmaster for the 86th Infantry Regiment of the Austro-Hungarian Army. The band was stationed in Budapest at the time, and the garrison’s nine other military bands challenged Fučik to produce worthwhile band music, resulting in a particularly productive compositional period. Florentiner opens with a stern bugle call, after which the march becomes lighthearted. The main melody of spritely repeated notes in the upper voices is occasionally interrupted by sarcastic responses in the low brass. An expansive lyrical middle section is followed by a repeat of the initial material, this time with an added piccolo obbligato to close in a style reminiscent of John Philip Sousa’s The Stars and Stripes Forever.
- Program Note from U.S. Marine Band concert program, 11 August 2022
- Audio CD: Saitama Sakae High School Wind Orchestra (Minoru Otaki, conductor) - 2006
- Indiana: ISSMA SENIOR BAND GROUP I
- Kansas: IV
To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project
- Central Michigan University (Mount Pleasant) Wind Symphony (Hope Spaw, conductor) - 23 February 2023
- United States Marine Band (Washington, D.C.) (Douglas Quinzi, conductor) - 11 August 2022
- Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville Wind Symphony (Rubén Darío Gómez, conductor) 8 December 2021
- University of Southern Mississippi (Hattiesburg) Symphonic Winds (Colin McKenzie, conductor) - 16 November 2021
- Ithaca (N.Y.) College Concert Band (Benjamin Rochford, conductor) – 11 December 2019
- University of Kentucky (Lexington) Concert Band (Dana Biggs, conductor) - 17 November 2019
- University of North Texas (Denton) University Band (Brett Penshorn, conductor) – 6 November 2019
- Callanwolde Concert Band (Decatur, Ga.) (Glenn Moore, conductor) – 29 September 2019
- Baylor University (Waco, Texas) Symphonic Band (Isaiah Odajima, conductor) – 19 September 2019
- Sacramento (Calif.) Symphonic Winds (Tim Smith, conductor) – 1 June 2019
- Encore Concert Band (Mokena, Ill.) (Bill Schuetter, conductor) – 3 March 2019
- The Ohio State University (Columbus) Honors Wind Symphony (Russel C. Mikkelson, conductor) – 20 January 2019
- Traverse City (Mich.) West Senior High Wind Ensemble (Chad Mielens, conductor) - 12 December 2018
- Northwest Missouri State University Wind Symphony (John Bell, conductor) – 18 October 2018
- University of British Columbia (Vancouver) Concert Winds (Christin Reardon MacLellan, conductor) – 12 October 2018
- Western Reserve Community Band (Hudson, Ohio) (Ralph Meyer, conductor) - 19 August 2018
- Berklee College of Music (Boston, Mass.) Symphonic Winds (Dominick J. Ferrara, conductor) – 9 May 2018
- University of Arkansas - Little Rock (Ken Goff, conductor) - 1 December 2017
- University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) University Band (John Pasquale, conductor) – 5 November 2017
- The Ohio State University (Columbus) Collegiate Winds (David Hedgecoth, conductor) – 5 October 2017
- Charlottesville (Va.) Municipal Band (Stephen R. Layman, conductor) – 1 August 2017
Works for Winds by This Composer
- Children of the Regiment (tr. Bourgeois) (ca. 1915/1996)
- Concertino for Bassoon (arr. Belohoubek) (2015)
- Der alto Brummbar. See: The Old Grumbly Bear and The Old Sore-Head
- Entry of the Gladiators (arr. Balent) (1900/2004)
- Entry of the Gladiators (arr. Holcombe Jr.) (1900)
- Entry of the Gladiators (tr. Laurendeau; arr. Seredy) (1900/1936)
- Entry of the Gladiators (tr. Laurendeau; arr. Seredy; ed. Ragsdale) (1900/1997)
- Fanfare Sounds (arr. Bourgeois) (2017)
- Florentiner (arr. Lake, ed. Fennell) (1907/1980)
- Florentiner March (ed. Bourgeois) (1907/1999)
- Florentiner March (arr. Rossi) (1907/2007)
- Gigantic (arr. Sip) (2002/2016)
- Kinizsi (ed. Ohnmeiss)
- Kinizsi (arr. Borodach)
- Marinarella (arr. Beek) (1907/2005)
- Mississippi River (arr. Studnitzky) (1902/1995)
- The Old Grumbly Bear (arr. Glover) (1910/2004)
- The Old Sore-Head (arr. Rogers) (1910/2000)
- Thunder and Blazes (arr. Foster Jr.) (1900/2011)
- Unter Der Admirals Flagge (Singerling) (1983)
- Victory Trophies (arr. Sip) (1915/2002/2016)
- Chevallard, Carl. Teaching Music Through Performing Marches. GIA Publications, 2003, pp. 199-210.
- Fučik, Julius; Lake, M. L.; Fennell, Frederick. Florentiner: Grande Marcia Italiana [score]. Carl Fischer, 1980.
- Smith, Norman E. ‘’Program Notes for Band.’’ GIA Publications, 2002, pp. 214-5.