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Finlandia (arr Kuikka)

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Jean Sibelius

Jean Sibelius (arr. Kuikka)


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This work bears the designation “Opus 26, Number 7.”


General Info

Year: 1900 / 1967
Duration: c. 8:30
Difficulty: IV (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Breitkopf & Härtel

Cost: Score and Parts - Unknown


Instrumentation

(Needed, please join the WRP if you can help.)


Errata

None discovered thus far.


Program Notes

Finlandia, Op. 26, is a symphonic poem by the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius. It was written in 1899 and revised in 1900. The piece was composed for the Press Celebrations of 1899, a covert protest against increasing censorship from the Russian Empire, and was the last of seven pieces performed as an accompaniment to a tableau depicting episodes from Finnish history. The premiere was on July 2, 1900 in Helsinki with the Helsinki Philharmonic Society conducted by Robert Kajanus. A typical performance takes anywhere from 7½ to 9 minutes.

In order to avoid Russian censorship, Finlandia had to be performed under alternate names at various musical concerts. Titles under which the piece masqueraded were numerous, a famous example being Happy Feelings at the awakening of Finnish Spring, and A Scandinavian Choral March.

Most of the piece is taken up with rousing and turbulent music, evoking the national struggle of the Finnish people. Towards the end, a calm comes over the orchestra, and the serenely melodic Finlandia Hymnis heard. Often incorrectly cited as a traditional folk melody, the Hymn section is of Sibelius's own creation.

Sibelius later reworked the Finlandia Hymn into a stand-alone piece. This hymn, with words written in 1941 by Veikko Antero Koskenniemi, is one of the most important national songs of Finland (though Maamme is the national anthem).

With different words, it is also sung as a Christian hymn (Be Still, My Soul; also Hail, Festal Day), and was the national anthem of the short-lived African state of Biafra (Land of the Rising Sun). In the spring of 1963, the Rice University student body voted to establish a school song (Rice is Our Home), using the music from the Finlandia Hymn.

-Program Note from Wikipedia


Finlandia by Finnish national composer Jean Sibelius was premier in 1900 and immediately struck a chord with the Finns in their pending protest against Russia which in those days ruled Finland as a grand duchy of the Russian Empire. Since the founding of Finland as a sovereign nation in 1917, Finlandia has been considered one of the most important Finnish ever written.

The wind band arrangement is by Arvo Kuikka, who had a distinguished career as a conductor with the Finnish Army in 1967-l984. This version of Finlandia is almost considered as original as Sibeiius’s symphonic urtext edition.

- Program Note by the Sibelius Academy Wind Ensemble


Commercial Discography

None discovered thus far.


State Ratings

None discovered thus far.

Performances

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Works for Winds by this Composer


References