Espana Rhapsody (arr. Safranek)
'This title may also be written España Rhapsodie
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D-flat Piccolo (optional)
E-flat Soprano Clarinet (div.)
B-flat Soprano Clarinet Solo-I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Saxophone
E-flat Alto Saxophone
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Cornet Solo-I-II-III
B-flat Trumpet I-II-III
E-flat Horn or Alto I-II-III-IV
Tenor Horn I-II
- Bass Drum
- Crash Cymbal
- Snare Drum
- Suspended Cymbal
None discovered thus far.
From July to December 1882 Chabrier and his wife toured Spain, taking in San Sebastian, Burgos, Toledo, Seville, Granada, Málaga, Cádiz, Cordoba, Valencia, Saragossa and Barcelona. His letters written during his travels are full of good humor, keen observation and his reactions to the music and dance he came across, and they demonstrate his genuine literary gift. In a letter to Edouard Moullé (1845–1923); a long-time musician friend of Chabrier, himself interested in folk music of Normandy and Spain, the composer details his researches into regional dance forms, giving notated musical examples. A later letter to Lamoureux, from Cadiz, dated 25 October (in Spanish) has Chabrier writing that on his return to Paris, he would compose an 'extraordinary fantasia' which would incite the audience to a pitch of excitement, and that even Lamoureux would be obliged to hug the orchestral leader in his arms, so voluptuous would be his melodies.
Although at first Chabrier worked on the piece for piano duet, this evolved into a work for full orchestra. Composed between January and August 1883, it was originally called Jota but this became España in October 1883.
Encored at its first performance, and received well by the critics, it sealed Chabrier's fame overnight. The work was praised by Lecocq, Duparc, Hahn, de Falla (who did not think any Spanish composer had succeeded in achieving so genuine a version of the jota, and even Mahler (who told the musicians of the New York Philharmonic that was "the start of modern music. Chabrier more than once said it as "a piece in F and nothing more".
Parts of España feature prominently in the Waldteufel waltz described 'España' of 1886. It is also the basis of the melody of the 1956 American popular song Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom).
- Program Note from Heritage Encyclopedia of Band Music
España, a rhapsody for orchestra, is arguably the most famous orchestral composition by French composer Emmanuel Chabrier (1841-1894). He composed it in 1883 after a trip to Spain and dedicated it to the conductor Charles Lamoureux, who conducted the first public performance on 4 November 1883.
- Program Note from publisher
Chabrier’s España inaugurated the vogue for hispanically flavoured music which found further expression in Debussy’s Ibéria and Ravel’s Rapsodie espagnole. Erik Satie parodied this trend in his piano piece Españaña from the suite Croquis et agaceries d'un gros bonhomme en bois (1913).
- Program Note from Wikipedia
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- Georgia: VI
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- Golden Gate Park Band (San Francisco, Calif.) (Robert Calonico, conductor) – 22 September 2019
Works for Winds by This Composer
- Cortège Burlesque
- Danse Slave (arr. Odom) (1887/1980/2019)
- España (arr. Barudin) (1883/2018)
- España (arr. Cailliet) (1883/1964)
- España (tr. Cailliet; rev. Rogers) (1883/1964/1998)
- España Rhapsody (tr. & ed. Oliver) (1883/2016)
- España Rhapsody (arr. Safranek) (1883/19116)
- Fete Polonaise (arr. Patterson)
- Habanera (arr. Davis) (1963)
- La Bourrée Fantasque
- Marche Joyeuse (arr. Junkin) (1888/1998)
- Chabrier, E.; Safranek, V. (1911). España Rhapsodie [score]. Carl Fischer: New York.
- España (Chabrier), Wikipedia Accessed 5 November 2017
- Heritage Encyclopedia of Band Music. "Emmanuel Chabrier." Accessed 18 September 2019