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Ernst Toch

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Ernst Toch

Biography

Ernst Toch (7 December 1887, Vienna, Austria - 1 October, 1964, Los Angeles, Calif.) was an Austrian-American composer and teacher.

At a young age, Toch taught himself piano and studied musical notation with a local violinist. He began writing chamber music in his mid-teens. Toch studied music at the Frankfurt Conservatory in Frankfurt, Germany, after winning the prestigious Mozart Prize. World War I put Toch’s career on hold; he resumed his musical career after the armistice, joining Paul Hindemith, Ernst Krenek, and others as the leading composers of the new German school of composition.

Toch fled Germany at the beginning of World War II, traveling through Europe and eventually settling in the United States in 1936. He became a citizen in 1940. While in the United States, Toch composed frequently in the film genre. His musical style is rooted in the tradition of the German and Austrian Romantic movement of the 19th century.

Toch’s work, Symphony No. 3 (Pulitzer Prize, 1956), is considered an important work in the composer’s repertoire.


Works for Winds


References