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Elsa's Procession to the Cathedral (tr Cailliet)

From Wind Repertory Project
Richard Wagner

Richard Wagner (trans. Lucien Cailliet)


General Info

Year: 1846-48 / 1938
Duration: c. 6:35
Difficulty: V (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Alfred Publishing Co.
Cost: Score and Parts - $75.00   |   Score Only - $10.00


Instrumentation

Full Score
C Piccolo
Flute I-II-III
Oboe I-II
English Horn
Bassoon I-II
Contrabassoon (optional; not included in the instrumentation, but included in the score)
Eb Soprano Clarinet
Bb Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
Eb Alto Clarinet
Bb Bass Clarinet
Bb Contrabass Clarinet (optional; not included in the instrumentation, but included in the score)
Eb Alto Saxophone I-II
Bb Tenor Saxophone
Eb Baritone Saxophone
Bb Bass Saxophone
Bb Trumpet I-II
Bb Cornet I-II-III
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III
Euphonium
Baritone
Tuba
String Bass
Timpani
Harp
Percussion, including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Snare Drum
  • Suspended Cymbal


Errata

  • 3rd C Flute, meas. 75: Rehearsal "9" should be here, not in meas. 76
  • Bb Soprano Clarinet 1: m. 22, part and score have a B-flat, it should be a B-natural.
  • Alto Clarinet, meas. 75: Rehearsal "9" should be here, not in meas. 76
  • Bass Clarinet, meas. 17: part and score have an A4, it should be a C4.
  • 1st Horn in F. meas. 18 (2 after reh. 2)m beat 3: E-flat should read E natural
  • 3rd Horn in F, meas. 63: Rehearsal "8" should be here, not in meas. 64 [Corrected in 2005 printing]
  • 4th Horn in F. meas. 46, beat 3: add half rest [Corrected in 2005 edition]
  • Timpani, meas. 16: part and score have a B-natural, it should be a B-flat.

Additional errata published in Fennell article (see References below).
To use Fennell errata, bar count must be added to each part. Use this guide to help in adding measure numbers:
Rehearsal number = Measure number : 1=9 ; 2=17; 3=25 (Tutti); 4=32 (key change); 5=42; 6=47 (key change); 7=55; 8=63; 9=75; 10=79; total number of measures=85.


Program Notes

Elsa's Procession to the Cathedral is appropriate for performance by school and college ensembles. While technical difficulties are minimal, many younger performers may struggle with the maintenance of tone quality throughout the expansive Wagnerian melodies. This piece is one seamless musical gesture, and performers have the responsibility to shape flowing melodies and countermelodies while retaining proper ensemble balance. Additionally, players require patience and restraint when allowing the music to build logically and cohesively to its magnificent climax. With a seasoned ensemble, this work can be an exciting concert finale.

- Notes from Great Music for Wind Band


Elsa’s Procession to the Cathedral, with its medieval color and pageantry, prefaces her betrothal to Lohengrin, mystic Knight of the Holy Grail, who comes to deliver the people of Brabant (Antwerp) from the Hungarian invaders.

In the operatic presentation, a large double chorus (representing the people of Antwerp) adds its song of solemn praise to that of the orchestra. It is in this music, mystic yet powerful, that we find Wagner striking out with those new and intense musical thoughts that were to culminate in Tristan, The Ring, and Parsifal. Not quite emancipated from the musical speech of his operatic contemporaries, one finds in the Lohengrin score those unmistakable flights into musico-dramatic magnificence transcending all that preceded it in idiom and musical adventure.

In this transcription of Elsa’s Procession for symphony band, Lucien Cailliet, with his great talent for instrumentation, has succeeded in building into the instrumental framework of the modern band a true and delicate representation of all that Wagner so eloquently describes with orchestra and chorus.

In the present score, the instrumental solo voices of the original score are paralleled, the choral voices deftly absorbed in the rich instrumental texture and all the luxuriant Wagnerian color re-created in terms of the instrumentation for the band.

- Program Note from score


Lucien Cailliet’s transcription of Elsa’s Procession to the Cathedral has been a treasured icon in the wind band repertoire since its introduction in 1938. It is a wedding procession from Richard Wagner’s tragic opera Lohengin, where Elsa, Duchess of Brabant, is about to marry her knight in shining armor, Lohengrin, Keeper of the Holy Grail, who has appeared in a boat, magically drawn by a swan. However, keeping Lohengrin’s identity a secret -- to Elsa and to everyone in the country -- has been a condition upon which the marriage was contingent. Shortly after the marriage, Elsa succumbs to her curiosity, sown by the antagonist duo: Ortrud, a sorceress who put a spell on Elsa’s brother Gottfried, but accused Elsa of his murder; and Teiramund, the knight defeated by Lohengrin who has accused him of sorcery. Lohengrin reveals his identity to all, kills his accuser, and then bids eternal farewell to Elsa. As Lohengrin disappears, his swan magically turns into Lohengrin’s friend and Elsa’s brother, Gottfried. Elsa, falls, lifelessly into Gottfried’s arms.

- Program Note by the Vista Ridge High School Wind Ensemble


Transcriber Lucien Cailliet was a clarinetist in the Philadelphia Orchestra for many years and also served as associate conductor of The Allentown Band in Pennsylvania. This ensemble, with whom Cailliet frequently tested his transcriptions, is the oldest civilian concert band in the nation and has a proud history of talented musicians gracing its roster. His imaginative transcription of this bridal procession from Lohengrin, which dates from 1938, seamlessly combines the chorus and the orchestra into a setting that has proved to be one of Cailliet’s most successful and popular adaptions for band.

- Program Note from U.S. Marine Band concert program, 17 August 2016


Commercial Discography


Media Links


State Ratings

  • Alabama: Class AA
  • Arkansas: V
  • California: V-A
  • Florida: V
  • Georgia: VI
  • Iowa: V
  • Indiana: ISSMA SENIOR BAND GROUP I
  • Louisiana: V
  • Maryland: V
  • Massachusetts: V
  • Michigan: AA
  • Minnesota: Category 1
  • Mississippi: IV-A, V-A, VI-A
  • New York: VI
  • North Carolina: VI
  • Oklahoma: V-A
  • South Carolina: VI
  • Tennessee: V
  • Texas: V. Complete
  • Virginia: V
  • Wisconsin: Event 3000 Concert Band.Class A Std Rep


Performances

To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project

  • Orcas Island (Wash.) Community Band (Jim Shaffer-Bauck, conductor; MariAnn Wilson, harp) – 14 December 2019
  • Pacific Lutheran University (Parkland, Wash.) Wind Ensemble (Edwin Powell, conductor) – 24 November 2019
  • Georgia State University (Atlanta) Symphonic Wind Ensemble (Robert J. Ambrose, conductor)– 21 November 2019
  • Liberty Classic Community Band Festival (Williamsport, Penn.) (Arnald D. Gabriel, conductor) – 13 October 2019
  • University of British Columbia (Vancouver) Symphonic Wind Ensemble (Robert Taylor, conductor) – 4 October 2019
  • Duke University (Durham, N.C.) Wind Symphony (Verena Mösenbichler-Bryant, conductor) – 3 October 2019
  • Georgia State University (Atlanta) Symphonic Wind Ensemble (Robert Ambrose, conductor) – 26 September 2019
  • Winnepeg (Can.) Wind Ensemble (Jacqueline Dawson, conductor) – 19 May 2019
  • Bixby (Ok.) High School Wind Ensemble (Jeremy W. Parker, conductor) - 6 May 2019
  • Heart of Texas (San Antonio) Concert Band (R. Mark Rogers, conductor)– 5 May 2019
  • Western Illinois University (Macomb) Wind Ensemble (Mike Fansler, conductor) – 4 May 2019
  • Appalachian State University (Boone, N.C.) Wind Ensemble (John Stanley Ross, conductor) – 29 April 2019
  • Sanger (Calif.) High School Wind Ensemble (Dan Peña, conductor) - 16 March 2019 (2019 Sutherland Wind Festival (Fresno, Calif.)
  • University of Texas (Austin) Wind Symphony (Scott Hanna, conductor) – 9 December 2018
  • University of South Alabama (Mobile) Wind Ensemble (Jason Rinehart, conductor) – 6 November 2018
  • University of Miami (Coral Gables) Frost Symphonic Winds (Steven Moore, conductor) – 4 October 2018
  • Pacific Lutheran University (Parkland, Wash.) Concert Band (Pablo Hernandez-Rodriguez, conductor) – 16 May 2018
  • Eastman Wind Ensemble (Rochester, N.Y.) (A. Clyde Roller, conductor) - 8 February 2002 *Eastman Wind Ensemble 50th Anniversary Concert*
  • Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.) Concert Band (Lucien Cailliet, conductor) – 2 March 1958


Works for Winds by this Composer


References