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Diferencias on an Old Spanish Song

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Yasuhide Ito

Yasuhide Ito


General Info

Year: 2020
Duration: c. 11:00
Difficulty: IV-1/2 (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Bravo/Brain
Cost: Score and Parts (print) - $300.00   |   Score Only (print) - $25.00


Instrumentation

Full Score
C Piccolo (doubling Flute)
Flute I-II
Oboe I-II
English Horn
Bassoon I-II
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III (II-III div.)
B-flat Bass Clarinet
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Trumpet I-II
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III
Euphonium (div.)
Tuba (div.)
String Bass (optional)
Timpani
Percussion I-II-III, including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Bongos
  • Chimes
  • Crotales (or Glockenspiel)
  • Glockenspiel
  • Hi-Hat
  • Suspended Cymbal
  • Tambourine
  • Tom-toms (3)
  • Triangle
  • Vibraphone
  • Wind Chimes
  • Wood Block
  • Xylophone


Errata

None discovered thus far.


Program Notes

I am immensely happy that my Gloriosa, symphonic poem for band (1990), has been performed by so many bands in the last thirty years. During this period, the growth of the internet has made it much easier to access information. When I composed Gloriosa, I only had limited information about the period when Christianity and Western music was first introduced to Japan, and had to rely a lot on my imagination. However, nowadays, it is easy to obtain various source materials and to read interesting studies on the music of the past.

In recent years, the music of Luis de Narvaez (born ca.1500 - died between 1555-1560), Spanish composer and vihuela player, has become increasingly known, and several CDs of his music are now available. Narvaez composed the earliest-known set of diferencias, a forerunner of the variation form. One of his works is Seys diferencias sobre el himno "O gloriosa domina" [Six diferencias on the hymn "O gloriosa domina"] (1538), based on the Spanish Marian hymn, and it was this melody I used in the first movement of my Gloriosa.

Western music has been my musical roots since childhood, and throughout my career as a composer, it has continued to fascinate me. One could say that this has provided the inspiration for Diferencias on an Old Spanish Song, my own take on the diferencias form. Actually, such music from the early sixteenth century could sound fresh to our modern ears. So I decided to quote the melody from Narvaez's Sey diferencias at the beginning and end of the piece, in order that people can get the feel for the period.

The main section is formed of 13 diferencias, similar to the first movement of the Gloriosa. In the middle section, which begins after the eighth diferencia, one should be totally absorbed in the tranquility and the beauty of the music. Although it's in the style of a sarabande, it should be taken slower and played as pianissimo as possible. This is followed by folk-style dance music.

Recent new compositions for wind band are often full of rhythm, dynamism, and tonal colour, and compositional techniques and orchestration have also evolved greatly. Yet on the other hand, they tend to feature fewer melodic or expressive elements. Since this work is the test piece for WMC Kerkrade 2022, I had to think about what "tests" or "challenges" to set, and I decided to compose something that doesn't involve a lot of technical display, but requires beautiful sounds and harmonies, and above all, musical expressivity. I didn't put many expression markings in the score, because I wanted the performers to think about how best to express this music. If it is played merely as notated, it's not going to sound very interesting.

Christianity was introduced to Japan in the mid-16th century, but it was subsequently banned and Japan entered a period of national isolation, which meant that there was hardly any international exchange for two hundred years. As a result, the Christian hymns that were introduced prior to the isolation became almost unrecognizable over the centuries. This was the theme I explored in my Gloriosa thirty years ago. Now, in 2021, the whole world has been forced to "isolate" due to the Covid-19 pandemic. In such times, it seems pertinent that I've written a work using this melody again. I sincerely hope that people will be able to gather in Kerkrade in 2022.

- Program Note adapted from composer


Media

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State Ratings

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Performances

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Works for Winds by This Composer


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