Year: 1935 / 1963
Duration: c. 8:25
Difficulty: (see Ratings for explanation)
Original Medium: Orchestra
Cost: Score and Parts – Out of print.
For availability information, see Discussion tab, above.
1. Marcha Provinciana – 3:10
2. Vals Nostálgico – 3:30
3. Canción de Adelita – 1:45
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Cornet I-II-III
B-flat Trumpet I-II-III
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
(percussion detail desired)
None discovered thus far.
In 1935, Chávez composed this orchestral piece under the title Republican Overture (Oberatura Republicana). He took care in the program to note that the music is not in the classical form of an overture, but chose the term "...because the word itself has a nice ring to it." It is one of his most colorful and humorous pieces, and has become one of the best-known compositions in Chávez's entire output, though under a different name. After the premiere of the music under its original title in Mexico City on October 18, 1935 (the composer conducting), Chávez wrote a wind band arrangement of it. When that arrangement was published in 1963, Chávez had changed the title to Chapultepec and the name now stands for both versions.
Chapultepec Park is arguably the historic heart of Mexico City, the largest city in the world. The park has been there since before the arrival of the Spaniards; its name in the local language, Náhuatl, means Cricket Mountain. The work is continuous, though it divides into three separate parts. Each of these is a reharmonization and orchestration of a well-known piece of Mexican music.
The first section is called Provincial March and comprises the Zacatecas March by Genaro Codina. Chávez called the slow central section Nostalgic Waltz, based on Green Club Waltz by Rodolfo Campodónico. The finale uses a well-known song of the Revolution, La Adelita and is titled Adelita's Song. All three of these pieces are from about the same age and share a similar late-Romantic popular music style. It is this aspect of them that unifies the overture. They are all a little pompous, and except for the Mexican flavor of the waltz could have originated in any European country at the time.
Chávez said his purpose in writing the overture was simply to give the three tunes a decorous place in the concert hall. He adds, "...I have treated these pieces with a contrapuntal and harmonic outlook very much to my liking." It is the contrapuntal and harmonic additions that give the overture its distinct personality, which is wryly humorous.
- Program Note by Joseph Stevenson
None discovered thus far.
To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project
- Laurentian University (Sudbury, Ont.) Concert Band (Sally Lesk, conductor) – 29 November 2019
- Contra Costa Wind Symphony (Walnut Creek, Calif.) (Brad Hogarth, conductor) – 5 May 2019
Works for Winds by this Composer
- Chapultepec (1935/1963)
- Mexican Mornings (1977)
- Sinfonía india (arr. Erickson) (1974)
- Tambuco (1967)
- Toccata for Percussion Instruments (1942/1954)
- Zandunga Serenade (1977)
- Chávez, C. (1963). Chapultepec, for Band [score]. Mills Music: New York.
- Smith, Norman E. (2002). Program Notes for Band. Chicago: GIA Publications, pp. 120-121.