Please DONATE to help with maintenance and upkeep of the Wind Repertory Project!

Ba Yin

From Wind Repertory Project
Chen Yi

Chen Yi


The title of this work translates into English as "The Eight Sounds."


General Info

Year: 2001 / 2015
Duration: c. 19:00
Difficulty: (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Theodore Presser

Cost: Score and Parts - Unknown


Movements

1. Praying for Rain –8:04
2. Song of the Chu – 5:52
3. Shifan Gong - and – drum – 5:34


Instrumentation

Full Score
Saxophone Quartet (Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Baritone)
Flute
Oboe
Bassoon
B-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Trumpet
Horn in F
Trombone
Percussion I-II

  • Bass Drum
  • Bongos
  • Chinese Opera Gongs (2)
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Glockenspiel
  • Japanese high Woodblock
  • Marimba
  • Tom-Tom (4)
  • Vibraphone


Errata

None discovered thus far.


Program Notes

Commissioned by the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra, this three-movement concerto is written for and premiered by the Rascher Saxophone Quartet and the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra on Oct. 27, 2001, in Stuttgart, Germany. I have adapted the work for saxophone quartet (SATB) and wind ensemble, which includes flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, French horn, trumpet, trombone, and two percussionists, for Prism Quartet and University of Missouri-Kansas City Wind Symphony.

In ancient China, the music was played with eight kinds of instruments made of or with metal, stone, silk, bamboo, gourd, clay, leather and wood. It was then called The Eight Sounds (Ba Yin). In my concerto Ba Yin, I use a saxophone quartet and a chamber wind ensemble to recall my impression of what I have heard in China, the music played by villagers on old traditional instruments in various ensembles.

The first movement is entitled Praying for Rain. It's inspired by the music played in the ritual ceremony, featuring blowing instruments suona (shawn, made with wood) and sheng (free-reed mouth-organ, made with gourd). The music is from slow to fast. The wind ensemble provides sheng-like sustained chords in the background while the quartet plays in heterophonic style imitating the tunes played by a group of suona players.

The second movement is called Song of the Chu (name of a country in Zhou Dynasty, located in the middle of China). It's influenced by a traditional Chinese instrumental solo piece with the same title, featuring the sound of xun (blowing instrument, made from clay). The quartet and the wind ensemble imitate a group of xun with crying sound, and the harmony of metal bells and stone chimes.

Shifan Gong-and-drum, the title of the third movement, is taken from the name of the ensembles of "silk-and-bamboo with gong-and-drum" in the Southeast. Shifan (literally 'Ten times') means 'multiple variation'. 'Silk-and-bamboo' refers to stringed and wind instruments. When the quartet plays the melodic textures, the wind ensemble imitates a whole group of percussion instruments. The music is brought to a climax at the end of the concerto.

- Program Note by composer


Commercial Discography


State Ratings

None discovered thus far.


Performances

To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project

  • University of Missouri-Kansas City Conservatory Wind Symphony (Steven D. Davis, conductor; PRISM Saxophone Quartet) – 4 October 2015 – '*Premiere performance*'


Works for Winds by this Composer


References