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Apollo (Pennington)

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John Pennington

John Pennington

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General Info

Year: 1968
Duration: c. 3:40
Difficulty: III (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: G. Schirmer, Inc.
Cost: Out of print.

For availability information, see Discussion tab, above.


Full Score
English Horn
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II
Clarinet (Low Pitch)
Horn in F
String Bass
Percussion, including:

(percussion detail desired)


None discovered thus far.

Program Notes

Apollo is aleatoric ("chance") music. The aleatoric element depends on the players, not the composer or the conductor. In most cases, each player is free to choose the actual pitches he will play, and the moment he will play them, within the limitations imposed by his part and the conductor.

Except for the flute solo at (B), this work does not consist of melody and harmony, but a series of "sound events." The task of the conductor is to shape and control these events into a coordinated and unified whole. Therefore, conducting consists mainly of marking each "measure" with a downbeat and making an appropriate transition to the next one, besides cuing and controlling of dynamics.

-Program Note from score

John Pennington’s Apollo (1968) is one of the first aleatoric (chance music) works written for band. It consists of a series of “sound events” that are solely determined by the musicians. The conductor’s role is to mold and form the events and to assist in the transitions.

-Program Note by The Concord Band concert program, 8 March 2014


State Ratings

None discovered thus far.


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Works for Winds by This Composer