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Symphony No 2 (Stephenson)

From Wind Repertory Project
James Stephenson

James Stephenson


Subtitle: Voices


General Info

Year: 2016
Duration: c. 21:25
Difficulty: VI (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Stephenson Music
Cost: Score and Parts (print) - Rental   |   Score Only (print) - $60.00


Movements

1. Of Passion – 5:45
2. Shouts and Murmurs – 8:50
3. Voices of One – 6:25


Instrumentation

Full Score
C Piccolo
Flute I-II-III (III doubles Alto Flute)
Oboe I-II
English Horn
Bassoon I-II
Contra-Bassoon
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Saxophone
E-flat Alto Saxophone
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Cornet I-II-III (doubling Flugelhorn)
B-flat Trumpet I-II
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III
Bass Trombone
Euphonium I-II
Tuba I-II
String Bass
Piano/Celeste
Harp
Timpani
Percussion (6 players), including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Chimes
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Crotales
  • Djembe
  • Glockenspiel
  • Marimba
  • Slapstick
  • Snare Drum
  • Suspended Cymbal (3)
  • Tambourine
  • Tam-Tam
  • Triangle
  • Vibraphone
  • Wood Block
  • Xylophone

Soprano Voice


Errata

None discovered thus far.


Program Notes

James Stephenson's relationship with the U.S. Marine Band began in 2011 when the ensemble premiered his multi-oboe concerto Duels and Dances at the American Bandmasters Association (ABA) convention with soloist Alex Klein of the Chicago Symphony. Since that time, the Marine Band has performed five of Stephenson’s works in as many years and presented the world premiere of one of his most substantial contributions to the wind band repertoire to date, his Symphony No. 2, in December 2016.

The inspiration for the new symphony for wind ensemble is detailed by the composer:

For two years, the program notes further below (below the dashes) were what remained public. Recently, as I started feeling personally comfortable with it, I began sharing the original impetus for this symphony, which was):

On April 23, 2016, my mother, Shirley S. Stephenson, passed away, at the age of 74. It was the first time anyone that close to me had died, and I honestly didn’t know how to respond. As this new piece – the symphony – was the next major work on my plate, I thought the music would come pouring forth, as one would imagine in the movies, or in a novel. However, the opposite happened, and I was stuck, not knowing how to cope, and not knowing what to write. Eventually, after a month or so, I sat at the piano, and pounded a low Eb octave, followed by an anguished chord answer. I did this three times, with three new response-chords, essentially recreating how I felt. This became the opening of the symphony, with emphasis on the bass trombone, who gets the loudest low Eb. I vowed I wouldn’t return to Eb (major) until the end of the piece, thus setting forth a compositional and emotional goal all at once: an Eb to Eb sustaining of long-term tension, technically speaking, and the final arrival at Eb major (letter I, 3rd movement) being a cathartic and powerful personal moment, when I finally would come to terms with the loss of my mother. The voice in the piece is that of my mother, an untrained alto, which is why I ask for it without vibrato. In the end, she finally sings once last time, conveying to me that “all will be ok”. I think it is the most difficult times we endure that force us, inspire us, to dig deeper than we could ever imagine. On the one hand, I am, of course, deeply saddened by the loss of my mother; but on the other, I will always have this piece – which is the most personal to me – to in essence keep her alive in my heart. I always tear up at letter I. Always. But they are tears of joy and treasured memories of 74 years with my mother.

(Jim Stephenson; October, 2018)


The original published program notes, were as follows below, because I was not in an emotional state where I was ready to talk about such personal matters, as shared above.

———

Recently, I was awaiting an international flight, when I heard the distinct sound of laughter coming from behind me. Because I could not see the people laughing, it occurred to me that it was a universal language of happiness; one which cannot evoke any judgment based on racial, religious, gender, social, or any other type of prejudice. I decided to not turn around, but rather to enjoy the laughter for what it was. It was this decidedly delightful sound of the human voice that inspired my 2nd symphony for wind ensemble.

Voices. They come in so many forms. Some high, some low. Extremely loud, or extremely soft. Some are menacing, or angelic. A voice is completely unique to each individual, and instantly recognizable to a close friend or relative. As a verb, it is used to express or vocalize an opinion. Used together, voices can express opposition, or unification. It occurred to me that all of these and more can be represented within the scope of a wind ensemble. The symphony No. 2 is an exploration of as many voices as I could formalize, resulting in a kind of concerto for wind ensemble. The culmination of the symphony is one of a unified voice, bringing together all of the different “cultures” and “individual voices” of the wind ensemble to express an amassed vision of hope and love; a vision I believe to be shared throughout all the world, yet disrupted continually by misguided and empowered individuals. I could think of no better messenger for such a work than the US “President’s Own” Marine Band – the commissioners of the work – who not only stand among the best musicians of the world, but also represent a country based on the principles of all-inclusiveness and celebrated diversity. It is because of this that no text is used for the mezzo-soprano voice used in this symphony. Instead, the singing voice is another instrument in the ensemble, joining in, or emerging from, the surrounding textures.

I would like to personally thank Lieutenant Colonel Jason K. Fettig for his invitation to compose such a significant work, and also the members of the band, many of whom I’m honored to call friends, for their remarkable musical gifts and dedication to our country.

~ Jim Stephenson; September, 2016

Awards

  • National Bandmasters Association/Revelli Composition Contest winner, 2017
  • American Bandmasters Association Sousa/Ostwald Award, 2018


Commercial Discography

None discovered thus far.


State Ratings

  • Arkansas: VI


Performances

To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project

  • University of Arizona (Tucson) Wind Ensemble (Chad R. Nicholson, conductor) – 16 October 2019
  • Indiana University (Bloomington) Wind Ensemble (Rodney Dorsey, conductor) – 24 September 2019
  • Unión Musical Santa Cecelia de Villar del Arzobispo (Spain) (Luis Serrano Alarcón, conductor) – 13 July 2019 - WASBE Conference (Buñol, Spain)
  • Oregon State University (Corvallis) Wind Ensemble (Chris Chapman, conductor) – 23 May 2019
  • Bowling Green (Ohio) State University Wind Symphony (Bruce Moss, conductor) – 4 May 2019
  • State University of New York, Fredonia, Wind Ensemble (Paula Holcomb, conductor) – 28 April 2019
  • Ball State University (Muncie, Ind.) Wind Ensemble (Thomas Caneva, conductor) – 26 April 2019
  • University of North Carolina School of the Arts (Winston-Salem) Wind Ensemble (Iris Cole, conductor) – 23 April 2019
  • James Madison University (Harrisonburg, Va.) Wind Symphony (Stephen Bolstad, conductor) – 3 April 2019
  • University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa) Wind Ensemble (Kenneth Ozzello, conductor; Megan Saslow, soprano) – 2 February 2019
  • Ohio State University (Columbus) Wind Symphony (Russel Mikkelson, conductor) – 27 November 2018
  • University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa) Wind Ensemble (Kenneth Ozzello, conductor) – 13 November 2018
  • University of Kentucky (Lexington) Wind Symphony (Cody Birdwell, conductor; Cynthia Lawrence, mezzo) – 21 October 2018
  • Ohio University (Athens) Wind Symphony (Andrew Trachsel, conductor; Alexandra Bruno, mezzo) – 27 September 2018
  • Arkansas Tech University Symphonic Wind Ensemble (Daniel A. Belongia, conductor) - 29 April 2018
  • University of Florida (Gainesville) Wind Symphony (David Waybright, conductor) – 9 November 2017
  • United States Marine Band (Washington, D.C.) (Jason K. Fettig, conductor) - 10 March 2017 (82nd Annual ABA National Convention)
  • United States Marine Band (Washington, D.C.) (Jason K. Fettig, conductor) - 14 December 2016 (2016 Midwest Clinic) - *Premiere Performance*


Works for Winds by this Composer


Resources

  • Cannon, Cormac. "Symphony No.2, 'Voices'." In Teaching Music through Performance in Band. Volume 11, Compiled and edited by Richard Miles, 1040-1049. Chicago: GIA Publications, 2018.
  • Stephenson Music