Symphony No. 2 (Valero)

From Wind Repertory Project
Andrés Valero-Castells

Andrés Valero-Castells


Subtitle: Teogónica

This work bears the designation AV46.


General Info

Year: 2002 / 2003
Duration: c. 27:00
Difficulty: (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Piles
Cost: Score and Parts (print) - €278.00   |   Score Only (print) - €33.50


Movements

1. Proemio – 7:25
2. Invocación a las Musas – 7:55
3. 3ª generación de Dioses – 7:05
4. Ascenso de Zeus al poder – 4:50


Instrumentation

Full Score
C Piccolo
Flute I-II
Oboe I-II
English Horn
Bassoon I-II
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone I-II
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
Flugelhorn
C or B-flat Trumpet I-II-III-IV
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III
Bass Trombone
Euphonium I-II
Tuba I0II
Contra-Bass
Piano
Celeste
Timpani
Percussion, including:

  • Antique Cymbals
  • Anvil
  • Bar Chimes
  • Bass Drums (piccolo, medium and large)
  • Bird Whistles (4)
  • Bongos (2)
  • Buddha Temple Bell
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Globe (large)
  • Glockenspiel
  • Hand Bells (2)
  • Marimba
  • Musical Glasses
  • Ocean Drum
  • Rain Machine
  • Salad Bowl (glass, with little balls)
  • Snare Drum
  • Steel Plate
  • Suspended Cymbals (2)
  • Tam-tam (medium and large)
  • Temple Blocks (5)
  • Tin Drum
  • Tom-toms
  • Triangles (3: high, medium and low)
  • Tubular Bells
  • Vibraphone
  • Xylophone

Cello
Guitars or similar instruments (optional)


Errata

None discovered thus far.


Program Notes

This work written on commission by the Agrupación Musical "L'Amistat" of Quart de Poblet. It was premiered on July 4, 2003, in the Special Section of the Certamen Internacional de Ciutat de Valencia", by the Band of Quart de Poblet, conducted by Llorenç Mendoza, obtaining First Prize and Mention of Honor. It is dedicated to the Symphonic Band "L'Amistat" of Quart de Poblet, and to its conductor, Llorenç Mendoza.

This symphony is based on the Theogony [a genealogy of a group or system of gods] by Hesiod of Ascra (8th-7th century BC). The Boeotian poet deals with the world and the divinity in a less epic tone than Homer, emphasizing his didactic vision of the genealogies and cosmological myths. In his Theogony he describes the origin of the world and of the gods as facts that lead us to the present state, based on a certain moral order, established through the triumph of Zeus, after a succession of divinities marked by violence.

Like the poem, the symphony begins with the Proemio, which has the function of introducing and presenting some of the ideas that will appear later. It is structured in three sections, linked together by metrical modulations and by the recurrence of two main thematic elements.

In the Invocation to the Muses, Hesiod (represented by the tuba) finds himself at the foot of the divine of Helicon grazing his lambs, and relates how the daughters of Zeus, inhabitants of Olympus, explained to him with a beautiful song the true lineage of the gods. Of the nine heliconidean muses, Euterpe (represented by the flute) logically stands out. The musical theme of this movement is mixed with an allusion to the Misteri d'Elx, through a quotation justified by the analogy between the angels of the "aracoeli" and the muses of Hellenic mythology. It emphasizes the subtle use of the timbre parameter.

From what has been sung by the muses, we will now focus on the 3rd Generation of Gods and of what happens in it. We highlight two important facts: Crono devours his children, except the last to be born (Zeus), fruit of Gaea's deceit. The infanticide is both horrible and dramatic, since Crono's intention is to avoid his destiny (to die at the hands of his son). Finally, the birth of the future "aegis-bearer" is magnified. Thus, the movement is divided into two clearly differentiated parts, having their maximum exponent in the contraposition of antagonistic sonorous concepts. At the thematic level almost nothing new is contributed; the material exposed in the first movement is recapitulated and is occasionally mixed with that of the second movement.

The symphony closes with the Ascent of Zeus to Power, for which first a terrible struggle between gods and titans is fought with great roar and violence; once the titans have been defeated, Zeus is named king of all the gods. We will hear only a new theme, in contrast to an idea already presented in the first and third movements, symbolizing the confrontation between good and evil, from which Zeus emerges triumphant.

- Program Note by composer (edited machine translation)


The Theogony (Greek: Θεογονία, Theogonía, Attic Greek: [tʰeoɡoníaː], i.e. "the genealogy or birth of the gods") is a poem by Hesiod (8th–7th century BC) describing the origins and genealogies of the Greek gods, composed c. 730–700 BC. It is written in the Epic dialect of Ancient Greek and contains 1022 lines.

- Program Note from Wikipedia


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