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Suite Française (Milhaud)

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Darius Milhaud

Darius Milhaud


THIS PAGE DEALS WITH THE REPRINTED SCORE AND PARTS NOW DISTRIBUTED BY MCA MUSIC (ORIGINALLY BY LEEDS MUSIC).


General Info

Year: 1944
Duration: c. 16:00
Difficulty: VI (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: MCA Music
Cost: Score and Parts - $95.00   |   Score Only - $15.00


Movements

1. Normandie - 1:35
2. Bretagne - 4:25
3. Ile de France - 1:55
4. Alsace-Lorraine - 4:15
5. Provence - 2:55


Instrumentation

Full Score
Piccolo
Flute I-II
Oboe I-II
Bassoon I-II
Eb Soprano Clarinet
Bb Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
Eb Alto Clarinet
Bb Bass Clarinet
Alto Saxophone I-II
Tenor Saxophone
Baritone Saxophone
Bass Saxophone
Bb Cornet I-II-III
Bb Trumpet I-II
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III
Euphonium
Tuba
String Bass
Percussion (3 players), including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Cymbal (crash)
  • Military Drum
  • Snare Drum
  • Timpani


Errata

The following errors are found in the SCORE

  • Instrumentation List: The "1st Bb Clarinet" and "1st Bb Cornet" should actually read "Solo & 1st Bb Clarinet" and "Solo & 1st Bb Cornet." Two players will be needed to play on each part, as the parts divide.

The following errors are found in the PARTS

  • Oboes, Mvmt II, m. 51-52: Add an "E-natural" as the final note to the melody. [Note: Orchestra score has a mezzo-forte E dotted half note (meas. 51) tied to E dotted quarter note + quarter rest + eighth rest (meas. 52)].
  • Baritone TC, Mvmt V, m. 82: Last eighth note C should be C#.
  • Tuba, Mvmt III, m. 11-13: The accents should instead be staccato markings (as in the bassoons).


Program Notes

Suite Française was written in 1944 on commission from the publisher Leeds Music Corporation, as part of a contemplated series of original works for band by outstanding contemporary composers. Milhaud's first extended work for winds, Suite Française was premiered by the Goldman Band in 1945.

- Program Note from Illinois State University Wind Symphony concert program, 24 April 2016


About the Suite Française, Milhaud states:

For a long time I have had the idea of writing a composition fit for high school purposes, and this was the result. In the bands, orchestras, and choirs of American high schools, colleges and universities where the youth of the nation be found, it is obvious that they need music of their time, not too difficult to perform, but nevertheless keeping the characteristic idiom of the composer.

The five parts of this suite are named after French Provinces, the very ones in which the American and Allied armies fought together with the French underground of the liberation of my country: Normandy, Brittany, Ile-de-France (of which Paris is the center), Alsace-Lorraine, and Provence (my birthplace).

I used some folk tunes of these provinces. I wanted the young American to hear the popular melodies of those parts of France where their fathers and brothers fought to defeat the German invaders, who in less than seventy years have brought war, destruction, cruelty, torture, and murder three times to the peaceful and democratic people of France."

- Program Note by Darius Milhaud


I. Normandie: Milhaud uses two lively Norman folk songs: Germaine, about a warrior coming home as seen through the eyes of a young woman; and The French Shepherdess and the King of England, about a comic meeting between the two title characters. Milhaud added some original material to help him depict the region where so many American servicemen landed in France during World War II.

II. Bretagne: A foghorn announces the beginning of Bretagne, a province with deep ties to the sea. The movement uses the sea shanties to depict the story of a young woman and her seafaring lover.

III. Ile de France: With lively folk song, this movement depicts the bustle of Paris. It begins with a children’s round that alternates bars of 3 beats and 2, and which Milhaud sets in 4 beats while still retaining the accents of the original. The lyrical melody that follows also reflects the bubbly attitude of the City of Light.

IV. Alsace-Lorraine: Here, Milhaud takes a dark turn, with material suggesting distant artillery fire around a solemn funeral procession, fitting for a region that borders Germany and was taken over during the war.

V. Provence: Reflecting on his home region, Milhaud utilizes a rondo with a fast, scatterbrained main theme, alternating with a fife-and-tambor segment typical of the French Provinces countryside and a slower, slightly more romantic subject -- both of these interludes derived from the principal melody.

- Program Note from Austin Symphonic Band concert program, 12 November 2017


Commercial Discography


Audio Links


State Ratings

  • Florida:   ---   (The Florida Bandmasters Association denotes this as "significant literature.")
    • Grade IV: Movement 4 only
    • Grade V: Movements 1, 4, and 5
    • Grade VI: Complete Suite
  • Maryland
    • Grade V: Any four movements
    • Grade VI: Complete Suite
  • New York
    • Grade VI: Any three movements
  • Texas:
    • Grade III: Any two movements
    • Grade IV: Any three movements
    • Grade V: Complete Suite


Performances

To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project

  • Banda Filarmónica Juveníl (Bogotá, Colombia) Wind Ensemble (David MacKenzie, conductor) - 21 March 2020
  • West Valley College (Saratoga, Calif.) Symphonic Band (Troy Davis, conductor) – 7 March 2020
  • University of Minnesota (Minneapolis) Symphonic Band (Betsy McCann, conductor) – 3 March 2020
  • Shenandoah Conservatory (Winchester, Va.) Wind Ensemble (Timothy Robblee, conductor) - 29 February 2020
  • University of Florida (Gainesville) Symphonic Band (John Watkins Jr., conductor) – 27 February 2020
  • New England Conservatory (Boston) Senior Massachusetts Youth Wind Ensemble (Michael Mucci, conductor) – 21 February 2020 (France Performance Tour)
  • University of Oregon (Eugene) Wind Symphony (Jason M. Silveira, conductor) – 11 February 2020
  • University of North Dakota (Grand Forks) Wind Ensemble (James Popejoy, conductor) – 3 December 2019
  • Central Michigan University (Mount Pleasant) Symphony Band (Chris Chapman, conductor) – 3 December 2019
  • University of Colorado Boulder Symphonic Band (Matthew Dockendorf, conductor) – 20 November 2019
  • University of Connecticut (Storrs) Wind Ensemble (Vu Nguyen, conductor) – 14 November 2019
  • Friends University Wichita, Kan.) Concert Band (Wichita, KS) (Shawn M. Knopp, conductor) - 4 November 2019
  • Brigham Young University (Provo, Utah) Wind Symphony (Don L. Peterson, conductor) – 30 October 2019
  • United States Marine Band (Washington, D.C.) (Jason K. Fettig, conductor) – 19 October 2019 (Porterville, Calif.)
  • Indiana University (Bloomington) Wind Ensemble (Jeff Osarczuk, conductor) – 17 October 2019
  • University of North Texas (Denton) Wind Ensemble (Daniel Cook, conductor) – 8 October 2019
  • California State University Bakersfield Concert Band (Leo Sakamoto, conductor) – 6 October 2019
  • University of South Florida (Tampa) Wind Ensemble (Trevor Butts, conductor) – 6 October 2019
  • Belmont University (Nashville, Tenn.) Wind Ensemble (Barry Kraus, conductor) – 4 October 2019
  • Yale University (New Haven, Conn.) Concert Band (Thomas Duffy, conductor) – 4 October 2019
  • University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) Concert Band (Courtney Snyder, conductor) – 2 October 2019
  • Southeastern Louisiana University (Hammond) Wind Symphony (Derek Stoughton, conductor) – 30 September 2019
  • Indiana University (Bloomington) Wind Ensemble (Rodney Dorsey, conductor) – 24 September 2019
  • Baylor University (Waco, Texas) Wind Ensemble (Eric Wilson, conductor) – 19 September 2019
  • Westchester Symphonic Winds (Tarrytown, N.Y.) (Curt Ebersole, conductor) – 11 May 2019
  • High School Symphonic Band [Interlochen, Mich.] (Frederick Fennell, conductor) - 6 August 1983


Works for Winds by this Composer


Resources

  • Garofalo, Robert. (1998). Suite Française: A teaching-learning unit. Fort Lauderdale, FL: Meredith Music Publications.
  • McWilliams, Rob. “Darius Milhaud's Suite Francaise: A Wind Band Classic.” Journal of Band Research 40, no. 1 (Fall 2004): 22-37.
  • Miles, Richard B., and Larry Blocher. (2010). Teaching Music through Performance in Band. Volume 1. Chicago: GIA Publications. pp. 702-714.
  • Milhaud, Darius. "Suite Francaise": Orchestral Score in the New Your Philharmonic Archives [1]
  • Miller, Stephen. “The Band Compositions of Darius Milhaud.” CBDNA Journal 5 (Winter 1988): 1–4. Reprinted in The Wind Band and Its Repertoire: Two Decades of Research as Published in the College Band Directors National Association Journal. Compiled and edited by Michael Votta Jr. Miami: Warner Bros. Publications, 2003. 147-151.
  • Prindl, Frank Joseph. "A Study of Ten Original Compositions for Band Published in America Since 1946." Ed.D. dissertation. Tallahassee: Florida State University, 1956.
  • Reynish, Timothy. “Interpreting Milhaud's Suite Francaise.” Winds 16, no. 1 (Spring 2001): 62-63.
  • Stone, Stuart. “Darius Milhaud's Suite Francaise: Of Folk Songs and the Sorrows of War.” The Instrumentalist 53, no. 6 (January 1999): 31-36, 85.
  • Whitwell, David. “Making Masterpieces Musical. Part II: Darius Milhaud--Suite Francaise.” NBA Journal 51, no. 4 (Summer 2011): 49-51.