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Overture to "La Forza del Destino" (arr Lake)

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Giuseppe Verdi

Giuseppe Verdi (arr. Lake and Kent)


The title of this work translates as "The Force of Destiny"


General Info

Year: 1862 / 1946
Duration: c. 8:30
Difficulty: VI (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Carl Fischer
Cost: Score and Parts (print) - $90.00   |   Score Only (print) - $8.00

For availability information, see Discussion tab, above.


Instrumentation

Condensed Score
C Piccolo
D-flat Piccolo
Flute
Oboe
Bassoon I-II
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet Solo-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Saxophone
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Bass Saxophone
Cornets Solo-I-II
E-flat Horn or Alto I-II-III
Horn in F I-II-III
Trombone I-II-III
Euphonium
Tuba
String Bass
Timpani
Percussion,including:

  • Bass drum
  • Crash cymbals
  • Snare drum
  • Suspended cymbal


Errata

  • C Piccolo, page 2, last system: extend 8va line over all three measures
  • E-flat Clarinet, 1 meas. before reh. 15, beat 1: quarter note should read eighth note (as in previous measure)
  • Bass Clarinet, 5 meas. after reh. 2, beat 1: E should read D
  • Bass Clarinet, bottom of page one: add 3/8 meter signature at the end of the last system
  • Bass Clarinet, 2 meas. after reh. 13, beat 3-4: sixteenth notes should read eighth notes (like the measure below)
  • 2nd Bassoon, pages 2 & 3 (11 meas. before reh. 6 to end): change key signature on every stave from E minor (1 sharp) to D minor (1 flat)
  • 2nd Bassoon, 7 meas. after reh. 8, beat 1, 4th sixteenth note: remove smudge
  • 2nd Bassoon, 1 meas. after reh. 10, beat 1: 1st sixteenth note B-flat should read C
  • Note: Many parts with a page turn before the Andante come prima do not indicate the 4/8 meter change before the turn: 1st & 2nd Flutes, 1st & 2nd Oboes, E-flat Clarinet, 3rd B-flat Clarinet.


Program Notes

Giuseppe Verdi was a visionary and innovative composer of Italian opera. Works such as Rigoletto, La Traviata, Aida, Otello and Falstaff are all commonly performed and hailed as the finest examples of the genre. In his later life, Verdi was also a politician and served in the local parliament. He worked to establish a hospital in Villanova sull’Arda, as well as a home for retired musicians in Milan.

La Forza del Destino, Verdi’s 22nd opera, was completed in 1862 and premiered in St. Petersburg on November 10 of that year. The overture was not heard until Feb. 27, 1869, when the opera was revised and presented at La Scala in Milan.

- Program note by TSgts. David Balandrin and Ricky Parrell


La Forza del Destino originally began with a prelude leading without a break into the first act of the opera. For the revision, Verdi lengthened and strengthened the prelude, making it into an overture coming to a full close before the curtain rises. Built from melodic, harmonic and rhythmic matters dealt with in the opera itself, the overture quotes and combines several of the most striking melodies as well as the ominous, opening, three-chord motif and the rapid, repeated, ascending accompaniment-figure associated in the opera with tragic destiny.

- Program Note from Program Notes for Band


Commercial Discography


State Ratings

  • Arkansas: V
  • Florida: VI
  • Georgia: VI
  • Indiana: ISSMA SENIOR BAND GROUP I
  • Kansas: VI
  • Louisiana: V
  • Maryland: VI
  • Minnesota: I
  • Mississippi: VI-A
  • North Carolina: VI
  • New York: Concert Band VI
  • Oklahoma: V-A
  • South Carolina: VI
  • Tennessee: VI


Performances

To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project


Works for Winds by this Composer


Resources

  • Smith, Norman E. (2002). Program Notes for Band. Chicago: GIA Publications, pp. 610.
  • Verdi, G.; Kent, H.; Lake, M. (1946). La Forza del Destino (The Force of Destiny) : Overture [score]. C. Fischer: New York.