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Lincolnshire Posy

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Percy Aldridge Grainger

Percy Aldridge Grainger (ed. Frederick Fennell)

General Info

Year: 1937 / 1987 / 2010
Duration: c. 16:45
Difficulty: VI (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: LudwigMasters Publications
Cost: Score and Parts - Out of print.

N.B. The 2020 Mark Rogers revision of this edition is found Lincolnshire Posy here.

Movements (may be played without pause)

1. Dublin Bay (Lisbon) – 1:20
2. Horkstow Grange – 2:50
3. Rufford Park Poachers – 4:00
4. The Brisk Young Sailor – 1:40
5. Lord Melbourne – 3:25
6. The Lost Lady Found – 2:20


Full Score
C Piccolo (div. a2)
Flute I-II
Oboe I-II
English Horn
Bassoon I-II
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Saxophone
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Bass Saxophone
B-flat Trumpet I-II-III
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II
Bass Trombone
B-flat Baritone
String Bass
Percussion I-II-III, including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Glockenspiel
  • Handbells
  • Side Drum
  • Suspended Cymbal
  • Tubular Bells
  • Xylophone


It is highly recommended that conductors use the 1987 Frederick Fennell edition of Posy. While this edition is obviously not free of errors, it corrects and clarifies many ambiguities that exist in the original version.

1987 Version The following errors are in both the Score and the Parts:

  • The tempo for the third movement should be eighth note = 132, not quarter note = 132.

1987 Version The following errors are in the parts:

  • B-flat Trumpet I, Movement III, Version B, m.49, beat 1: the part should read A-flat - G natural - G-flat. It is correct in the score.
  • Baritone TC, Movement IV, m.22, beat 1: G should read F (concert F should be concert E-flat).
  • Horn in F IV, Movement III, m.82: Time signature should be 2/4.

2010 Version The following errors are in the score:

  • Piccolo, Movement III Version A, m.10, beat 1: E-flat should read C.
  • B-flat Trumpet II, Movement IV, m.41, beat 3: E should read E-Flat.

2010 Version The following errors are in the parts:

  • B-flat Trumpet II, Movement IV, m.41, beat 3: E should read E-Flat.
  • Horn in F IV, Movement II, m.33, beat 2: add whole note B-flat.

Program Notes

Lincolnshire Posy was commissioned by the American Bandmasters Association and premiered at their convention with the composer conducting. It is in six movements, all based on folk songs from Lincolnshire, England. Grainger's settings are not only true to the verse structure of the folk songs, but attempt to depict the singers from whom Grainger collected the songs. Since its premiere, it has been recognized as a cornerstone of the wind band repertoire.

Lincolnshire Posy, as a whole work, was conceived and scored by me direct for wind band early in 1937. Five, out of the six, movements of which it is made up existed in no other finished form, though most of these movements (as is the case with almost all my compositions and settings, for whatever medium) were indebted, more or less, to unfinished sketches for a variety of mediums covering many years (in this case, the sketches date from 1905 to 1937). These indebtednesses are stated in the score.

This bunch of "musical wildflowers" (hence the title) is based on folksongs collected in Lincolnshire, England (one notated by Miss Lucy E. Broadwood; the other five noted by me, mainly in the years 1905-1906, and with the help of the phonograph), and the work is dedicated to the old folksingers who sang so sweetly to me. Indeed, each number is intended to be a kind of musical portrait of the singer who sang its underlying melody -- a musical portrait of the singer's personality no less than of his habits of song -- his regular or irregular wonts of rhythm, his preference for gaunt or ornately arabesqued delivery, his contrasts of legato and staccato, his tendency towards breadth or delicacy of tone.

- Program Note by Percy Aldridge Grainger

Edition note. This history of errors in this work is legend. When Percy Grainger wrote it, he wrote out all of the parts FIRST, then made a “compressed full score," meaning a two-line score like a condensed score, but with much more complete information than your usual condensed score.

Using that process, and under time pressure for the premiere, many errors found their way into parts and score. In the original Schott/Shirmer publication, there are over **500** errors. Frederick Fennell found most of them; others were discovered by other conductors (H. Robert Reynolds, Jennifer Martin, several others), and by players young and old, and were sent to Fennell over the years. Fennell made his first edition principally to fix those errors and to clarify information discovered in Grainger’s manuscript score and parts, while working from an unpublished full score by Ward Hammond.

Even with all of those errors found over the years, and proofreading by many people, further errors were discovered in the first printing, and another one or two in printings two through four. And yet errors persist, or perhaps have been introduced, in the latest, 2010, printing. Users are encouraged to be on the lookout for errors in this complex work.

- Edition Note by Jennifer Martin


State Ratings

  • Georgia:
    • Grade VI: Movements 1, 6, and two others.
    • Masterwork: Play all.
  • Florida:   ---  (The Florida Bandmasters Association denotes this as "significant literature.")
    • Grade IV: Movements 1 and 2.
    • Grade V: Movements 1, 2, and 6.
    • Grade VI: Any 4 movements.
  • Minnesota: Category I (any 4 movements)
  • New York:
    • Grade VI: Any 5 movements
  • North Carolina:
    • Grade VI: Play 4 or more movements
    • Masterworks: Play all
  • South Carolina: "Masterwork"
  • Virginia: VI
  • Texas:
    • Grade II: Any one movement
    • Grade III: Any two movements
    • Grade IV: Any four movements


To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project

  • Ithaca (N.Y.) College Wind Ensemble (Rebekah Daniel, conductor) - 27 April 2023
  • Washington State University (Pullman) Symphonic Wind Ensemble (Kevin Melendez and Anna Somerville, conductors) - 18 April 2023
  • University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa) Festival Wind Ensemble (John R. Locke, conductor) - 4 February 2023
  • Eastman School of Music (Rochester, N.Y.) Wind Ensemble (Luke Camarillo, conductor) - 12 December 2022
  • University of California, Los Angeles, (UCLA) Wind Ensemble (Travis J. Cross, conductor) – 4 November 2022
  • University of Toronto (Ont., Can.) Wind Ensemble (Jeffrey Reynolds, conductor) - 14 October 2022
  • University of British Columbia (Vancouver) Symphonic Wind Ensemble (Maggie Whiteman, Josh Rauw, and Benjamin Vanderkruk, conductors) - 13 October 2022
  • The University of Texas at El Paso Wind Symphony (Andrew Hunter, conductor) - 29 September 2022
  • University of Southern Mississippi (Hattiesburg) Symphonic Winds (Lindsay Sandberg, conductor) - 26 April 2022
  • Oklahoma City University (Okla.) Wind Ensemble & Wind Philharmonic (Matthew Mailman, conductor) - 12 April 2022
  • University of Southern Mississippi (Hattiesburg) Symphonic Winds (Colin McKenzie, conductor) - 8 March 2022
  • Rutgers University (New Brunswick, N.J.) Wind Ensemble (Dana Mandell, conductor) - 10 December 2021
  • The Naperville (Ill.) Winds (Sean Kelley, conductor) - 7 October 2021
  • University of Cincinnati (Ohio) College-Conservatory of Music Wind Symphony (Kevin Michael Holzman, conductor) - 1 October 2021
  • University of Nebraska (Lincoln) Wind Ensemble (Carolyn Barber, conductor) - 17 April 2021
  • Vandegrift High School (Austin, Tex.) Wind Ensemble (Mike Howard, conductor) – 14 April 2021
  • Brigham Young University (Provo, Utah) Wind Symphony (Donald Peterson, conductor) - 9 April 2021
  • University of Delaware (Newark) Wind Ensemble (Lauren Reynolds, conductor) - 18 March 2021
  • University of Southern California Thornton Wind Ensemble (H. Robert Reynolds, conductor) – 30 September 2012
  • Arts Academy Band [Interlochen, Mich.] (Frederick Fennell, conductor) - 11 January 1970

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