Le Bourgeois gentilhomme
Jean-Baptiste Lully (arr. Debra Nagy)
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Year: 1670 /
Difficulty: (see Ratings for explanation)
Cost: Score and Parts - Unknown
2. Canarie - 0:50
3. Marche pour le Ceremonie des Turcs - 1:00
4. Deuxième Air pour des Turcs - 1:10
5. Troisième Air pour les Turcs - 1:05
6. Chaconne des scaramouches - 1:30
None discovered thus far.
In the court of Versailles during the reign of Louis the 13th and 14th music had a place of high esteem. Under the towering presence of Jean-Baptiste Lully, musicians honed performances of grandeur and detail to rival the palace itself. So numerous were the musical events that the musicians were divided into two now famous ensembles. The strings formed Les Vingt-quatre Violons du Roiand the winds into Les Grand Hautbois or Douze grands hautbois du roi. These ensembles of twenty-four and twelve not only supplied the court with music, but their sense of ensemble, their musical discipline and their command of the French style dominated music of the time and set standards which are the foundation of today’s ensembles.
The hautbois made up of the strong projecting members of the oboe and bassoon family, primarily served the ceremonies of court as well as other outdoor activities. Marches were a staple of their repertoire, but they performed as well dances and other incidental music.
- Program Note by Charles Peltz for the New England Conservatory Wind Ensemble concert program, 27 January 2021
Le Bourgeois gentilhomme (The Bourgeois Gentleman or The Middle-Class Aristocrat or The Would-Be Noble) is a five-act comédie-ballet — a play intermingled with music, dance and singing — written by Molière, first presented on 14 October 1670 before the court of Louis XIV at the Château of Chambord by Molière's troupe of actors. The music was composed by Jean-Baptiste Lully.
Le Bourgeois gentilhomme satirizes attempts at social climbing and the bourgeois personality, poking fun both at the vulgar, pretentious middle-class and the vain, snobbish aristocracy. The title is meant as an oxymoron: in Molière's France, a "gentleman" was by definition nobly born, and thus there could be no such thing as a bourgeois gentleman.
- Program Note from Wikipedia
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None discovered thus far.
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- New England Conservatory (Boston, Mass.) Wind Ensemble (unconducted) - 27 January 2021
Works for Winds by This Composer
- Le Ballet du Roi-Soleil (arr. Grélat) (2005)
- Le Bourgeois gentilhomme (arr. Nagy) (1670/)
- March for the King's Regiment (arr, Gardner) (1961)
- March of the King's Trumpeters (arr. Ployhar) (1972)
- Marche and Ayre (arr. Ployhar) (1980)
- Marche des Fussiliez (arr. Nagy)
- The King's Musicians Suite (arr. Barr) (1967)
- Le Bourgois gentilhomme, Wikipedia Accessed 25 January 2021