Gustav Holst (born 21 September 1874, in Gloucestershire, UK, died 25 May 1934, in London) was a British composer and educator. He learned piano at an early age, but was stricken with a nerve condition that affected the movement of his right hand, forcing him to give up the piano for the trombone. He received his degrees from The Royal College of Music in London, where he met fellow composer (and lifelong friend) Ralph Vaughan Williams and became interested in Hindu mysticism and spirituality, interests that would later shape the course of his compositional output. In 1901 Holst married Isobel Harrison, who would remain with him the remainder of his life.
Before Holst became a well-known composer, he relied on income from playing the trombone in the Carl Rosa Opera Company and in the White Viennese Band, a popular orchestra specializing in "light music." In 1905, Holst became Director of Music at the St Paul's Girls' School in Hammersmith, London, and in 1907, he also became director of music at Morley College, retaining both positions until his death in 1934. Holst's compositions for wind band, although only a small portion of his total output, have made him a cornerstone of the genre.
Works for Winds
- Chorale from Jupiter (arranged by James Curnow)
- First Suite in E-flat (1909)
- Hammersmith: Prelude and Scherzo (1930)
- Jupiter from "The Planets" (Holst's own transcription)
- Marching Song (1906 - Holst's own transcription)
- Mars from "The Planets" (Holst's own transcription)
- Moorside March (arranged by Gordon Jacob)
- The Planets (transcribed by Inagaki)
- The Planets (transcribed by Patterson)
- Second Suite in F (1911)
- Somerset Rhapsody (transcribed by Clare Grundman)
- Songs of the West (arranged by James Curnow)
- Holst, Imogen. (1938). Gustav Holst: A Biography. London: Oxford University Press.
- Gustav Holst - Official Website
- Band Music PDF Library