George Theophilus Walker (27 June 1922 in Washington, D.C. - 24 August 2018, Montclair, N.J.) was an African American composer of West-Indian-American descent.
Walker was first exposed to music at the age of five when he began to play the piano. He was admitted to the Oberlin Conservatory at 14 and received his doctorate from the Eastman School of Music. Walker studied composition with Rosario Scalero who also taught Samuel Barber and Gian-Carlo Menotti.
His awards include the Harvey Gaul Prize, MacDowell Colony, Yaddo and Bennington Composer Conference Fellowships, two Guggenheim Fellowships, two Rockefeller Fellowships, a Fromm Foundation commission, two Koussevitsky Awards, an American Academy of Arts and Letters Award, a Mary Flagler Cary Charitable Trust Award, the Mason Gross Memorial Award, numerous grants from the Research Councils of Smith College, The University of Colorado, Rutgers University, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the New Jersey Council on the Arts. He has received two Alumni Awards from the Eastman School of Music, the University Medal from the University of Rochester (1996), honorary doctorate degrees from Lafayette College (1982), Oberlin College (1983), Montclair State University, Bloomfield College, Curtis Institute of Music (1996) and Spelman College (2001).
In 1996, George Walker became the first black composer to receive the coveted Pulitzer Prize in music for his work Lilacs for Voice and Orchestra, premiered by the Boston Symphony, Seiji Ozawa conducting. In 1997 Marion Barry, Mayor of Washington, D.C., proclaimed June 17th as George Walker Day in the nation's capitol. In 1998, he received the Composers Award from the Lancaster Symphony and the letter of Distinction from the American Music Center for "his significant contributions to the field of contemporary American Music." In 1999, he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In April 2000, George Walker was inducted into the American Classical Music Hall of Fame in a ceremony at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.
Works for Winds
- George Walker website
- George Walker (composer), Wikipedia Accessed 17 January 2017
- Duffie, Bruce. George Walker A Conversation with Bruce Duffie
- George Walker, Prized Composers, University of Washington
- Miles, Richard B., and Larry Blocher. 2002. Teaching Music Through Performance in Band. Volume 4. Chicago: GIA Publications. pp. 755.
- Nelson, Ryan. (2003) Octatonic pitch structure and motivic organization in George Walker's Canvas for wind ensemble, voices, and chorus [Doctoral Dissertation].