Finlandia (tr Cailliet)
This work bears the designation Opus 25, Number 7.
Year: 1900 / 1939
Duration: c. 9:00
Difficulty: (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Carl Fischer
Cost: Score and Parts – Out of print
For availability information, see Discussion tab, above.
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
E-flat Alto Clarinet
B-flat Bass Clarinet
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Bass Saxophone
B-flat Cornet I-II-III
B-flat Trumpet I-II
B-flat Flugelhorn I-II
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
(Percussion instrumentation undifferentiated in score)
None discovered thus far.
Finlandia, Op. 26, is a symphonic poem by the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius. It was written in 1899 and revised in 1900. The piece was composed for the Press Celebrations of 1899, a covert protest against increasing censorship from the Russian Empire, and was the last of seven pieces performed as an accompaniment to a tableau depicting episodes from Finnish history. The premiere was on July 2, 1900, in Helsinki with the Helsinki Philharmonic Society conducted by Robert Kajanus.
In order to avoid Russian censorship, Finlandia had to be performed under alternative names at various musical concerts. Titles under which the piece masqueraded were numerous, a famous example being Happy Feelings at the awakening of Finnish Spring, and A Scandinavian Choral March. Most of the piece is taken up with rousing and turbulent music, evoking the national struggle of the Finnish people. Towards the end, a calm comes over the orchestra, and the serenely melodic Finlandia Hymn is heard. Often incorrectly cited as a traditional folk melody, the hymn section is of Sibelius's own creation.
Sibelius later reworked the Finlandia Hymn into a stand-alone piece. This hymn, with words written in 1941 by Veikko Antero Koskenniemi, is one of the most important national songs of Finland (though Maamme is the national anthem). With different words, it is also sung as a Christian hymn (Be Still, My Soul; also Hail, Festal Day), and was the national anthem of the short-lived African state of Biafra (Land of the Rising Sun).
- Program Note from Wikipedia
(Needed - please join the WRP if you can help.)
None discovered thus far.
To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project
- State University of New York, Fredonia, Concert Band (Ray Stewart, conductor) – 26 February 2019
- Truman State University (Kirksville, Mo.) Wind Symphony II (Jennifer Rubin, conductor) – 17 November 2016
- Vienna (Va.) Community Band (Kathy Wilson, conductor) - 13 March 2016
- Interlochen (Mich.) Adult Band Camp (Thomas Riccobono, conductor) - 14 August 2011
Works for Winds by This Composer
- Be Still My Soul (arr. Swearingen) (1900/2016)
- Finlandia (tr. Cailliet) (1900/1939)
- Finlandia (tr. Hindsley) (1900/1971)
- Finlandia (arr. Kuikka) (1900/1967)
- Finlandia (tr. McAlister; ed. Reed) (1900/2004)
- Finlandia (arr. Molenaar) (1900/1964)
- Finlandia (arr. Page) (1900/1928)
- Finlandia (tr. Winterbottom) (1900/1908(?))
- Onward, Ye Peoples! (arr. Goldman) (1940)
- Overture in F Minor (trans. Ambrose) (1889/1988/2018)
- Petite Suite (arr. Fransman) (1891/1988)
- Preludio (ed. Corporon) (2010)
- Tiera (1899/c. 2011)
- Valse Triste (arr. Winterbottom)
- Finlandia, Wikipedia
- Sibelius, J.; Cailliet, L. (1939). Finlandia: Tone Poem [score], Carl Fischer: New York.