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Dialogues and Entertainments

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William Kraft

William Kraft

General Info

Year: 1980
Duration: c. 16:00
Difficulty: VI (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Theodore Presser
Cost: Score and Parts (print) - Rental   |   Score Only (print) - $36.95


1. Friends – 3:55
2. Interlude – 3:05
3. Homage St. Marks – 4:55
4. Let Not the Black Sun Deceive You – 8:10


Full Score
Flute I-II-III-IV (IV doubling Alto Flute; all doubling piccolo; all doubling Swiss Hand Bell)
Oboe I-II-III-IV (IV doubling English Horn; all doubling Crotale)
Bassoon I-II-III-IV (IV doubling Contrabassoon; all doubling Crotale)
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III-IV (IV doubling B-flat Bass Clarinet; all doubling Swiss Hand Bell)
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone (doubling Crotale)
E-flat Baritone Saxophone (doubling Crotale)
B-flat Trumpet I-II-III-IV (III, IV doubling Crotale)
Horn in F I-II-III-IV-V-VI-VII-VIII (V-VIII doubling Crotale)
Trombone I-II-III (III doubling Crotale)
Bass Trombone (doubling Crotale)
Tuba I-II
String Bass (doubling Crotale)
Percussion I-II-III-IV-V-VI, including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Crash Cymbal (2)
  • Crotale (2)
  • Glockenspiel (2)
  • Hand Drum (2)
  • Marimba (2)
  • Mixed Drums (6)
  • Snare Drum (4)
  • Suspended Cymbal (5)
  • Tam-tam (3)
  • Temple Block
  • Triangle
  • Tubular Bell (2)
  • Vibraphone
  • Water Gong
  • Xylophone (2)

Soprano voice


None discovered thus far.

Program Notes

The composer's knowledge of the percussion family's timbral and technical possibilities is obvious throughout. In one quasi-cadenza example, the timpanist plays various pitches in Morse code rhythm spelling out "H. Robert" (Reynolds). Percussionist Charles Owens and Michigan composition teachers are honored similarly later.

In addition to the timpanist and six percussionists, who play instruments in movement two, most wind players perform with bowed crotales or Swiss hand bells. Excerpts from Pietro Lappi's Canzona 26, Gabrieli's Sonata pian e forte a 8, and Hassler's Laudate Cominum (which are presented in dialogue with contemporary interjections) recall to the composer a memorable occasion when he led the Los Angeles Philharmonic brass section in these and other works in St. Mark's Cathedral in 1979. In movement three the winds are joined by a soprano soloist; in the final phrase of the coda the mallets perform several indeterminate "Morse code" motifs (spelling "truth, love, peace"). The music ends with a quiet (octotonic scale) chord. Analyst William Harbinson writes, "the musical language of Dialogues and Entertainments is encounters harmonic and melodic resources as diverse as twelve-tone and late Renaissance...(yet) the work is accessible."

- Program Note from Program Notes for Band


State Ratings

None discovered thus far.


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Works for Winds by This Composer