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Danzón No 2

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Arturo Márquez

Arturo Marquez (trans. Nickel)


General Info

Year: 1998 / 2009
Duration: c. 10:15
Difficulty: IV (see Ratings for explanation)
Original Medium: Orchestra
Publisher: Peer Music Capital
Cost: Score and Parts - $169.95   |   Score Only - $39.95


Instrumentation

Full Score
C Piccolo
Flute I-II
Oboe I-II
English Horn
Bassoon I-II
Eb Clarinet
Bb Solo Clarinet
Bb Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
Eb Alto Clarinet
Bb Bass Clarinet
Eb Alto Saxophone I-II/Soprano Sax
Bb Tenor Saxophone
Eb Baritone Saxophone
Bb Trumpet I-II
Flugelhorn I/II
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III
Euphonium (Bass Clef)
Tuba
String Bass
Piano
Timpani
Mallets
Percussion, including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Snare Drum
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Bongos
  • Claves
  • Conga
  • Guiro
  • Timbales
  • Tom-Tom
  • Vibraphone


Errata

Clarinet 2-3 are missing measures 210-219 in their parts.


Program Notes

Originally written for orchestra, Danzon No. 2 has enjoyed significant popularity on performance programs everywhere. The danzón itself was Cuban-born, from a natural synthesis of Spanish, British, and French dance forms, and this work is built on a beautiful, elegant main theme, stated on clarinet, building in intensity before erupting into passionate rhythms later.

- Program Note by publisher


The idea of writing the Danzón No. 2 originated in 1993 during a trip to Malinalco with the painter Andrés Fonseca and the dancer Irene Martínez, both of whom are experts in salon dances with a special passion for the danzón, which they were able to transmit to me from the beginning, and also during later trips to Veracruz and visits to the Colonia Salon in Mexico City. From these experiences onward, I started to learn the danzón’s rhythms, its form, its melodic outline, and to listen to the old recordings by Acerina and his Danzonera Orchestra. I was fascinated and I started to understand that the apparent lightness of the danzón is only like a visiting card for a type of music full of sensuality and qualitative seriousness, a genre which old Mexican people continue to dance with a touch of nostalgia and a jubilant escape towards their own emotional world; we can fortunately still see this in the embrace between music and dance that occurs in the state of Veracruz and in the dance parlors of Mexico City.

The Danzón No. 2 is a tribute to the environment that nourishes the genre. It endeavors to get as close as possible to the dance, to its nostalgic melodies, to its wild rhythms, and although it violates its intimacy, its form and its harmonic language, it is a very personal way of paying my respects and expressing my emotions towards truly popular music. Danzón No. 2 was written on a commission by the Department of Musical Activities at Mexico’s National Autonomous University and is dedicated to my daughter Lily.

- Program Note by composer


About the danzón genre, Lidice Valenzuela writes in Cubanow:

"The history of the danzón goes back to the arrival in Cuba of the European contradance. It came in three different ways: directly from Spain, the colonial metropolis; with the British, who occupied Havana in 1762; and the French colonizers and their slaves who landed in Cuba's eastern shores after fleeing from the Haitian Revolution. From all of that trans-cultural process the danzón was born. This new Cuban dance, naturalized by the "Creoles," had much more expressive freedom: the couple danced in each other's arms, and the dancing time was extended. People began calling it Danzón and it was in Matanzas in the 1870s that figure dancing also began to be called danzón. Thus, Failde, an outstanding musician, named his composition with the generic name of Danzón ."

- Program Note by Lidice Valenzuela


Márquez has written a series of danzónes, works based on an elegant Cuban dance that also has become popular in Veracruz, Mexico. Danzón No. 2 was commissioned by the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and was premiered in 1994 by the Orchestra Filar-monica de la UNAM in Mexico City. The work received international acclaim and propelled the composer into the international spotlight.

The composition opens with a suave clarinet solo accompanied by tango-like rhythmic devices. An oboe solo answers the clarinet, prior to the entire ensemble joining in an increasingly intense dance. A soothing middle section, introduced by the piano, features a lush trio for clarinet, English horn and soprano saxophone that evokes the intimacy of the opening before returning to the primal energy of the main dance theme, and the work builds to a dramatic, foot- stomping close.

- Program Note from Temple University Wind Symphony concert program, 27 April 2018


Commercial Discography


Audio Links


State Ratings

  • Louisiana: V
  • Texas: V. Complete


Performances

To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project

  • Ohio University (Athens) Wind Symphony (William Talley, conductor) - 15 November 2020
  • Ouachita Baptist University (Arkadelphia, Ark.) Wind Ensemble (Craig V. Hamilton, conductor) – 9 March 2020
  • University of Colorado Boulder High School Honor Band (Shanti Simon, conductor) – 29 February 2020
  • Wisconsin Lutheran College (Milwaukee) Concert Band (Terry S. Treuden, conductor) – 28 February 2020
  • Ohio Wesleyan University (Delaware, O.) Symphonic Wind Ensemble (Richard Edwards, conductor) – 13 February 2020
  • Band of the 15th Field Regiment (Vancouver, B.C.) - 29 January 2020
  • Peabody Institute (Baltimore, Md.) Preparatory Wind Orchestra (Elijah Wirth, conductor) – 14 December 2019
  • New World School of the Arts (Miami, Fla.) Wind Ensemble (Brent Mounger, conductor) – 13 December 2019
  • Foothill Symphonic Winds (Palo Alto, Calif.) (Roy Stehle, conductor) – 8 December 2019
  • Southeastern Louisiana University (Hammond) Wind Symphony (Derek Stoughton, conductor) – 13 November 2019
  • University of California, Los Angeles, Wind Ensemble (Travis J. Cross, conductor) – 6 December 2019
  • Texas A&M University (College Station) Symphonic Band (Russell Tipton, conductor) – 24 November 2019
  • Catskill Valley Wind Ensemble (Oneonta, N.Y.) (Andrew Pease, conductor) – 17 November 2019
  • Concordia University (River Forest, Ill.) University Band (Richard R. Fischer, conductor) – 8 November 2019
  • University of Oklahoma (Norman) Wind Symphony (Shanti Simon, conductor) – 6 October 2019
  • University of Kentucky (Lexington) Wind Symphony (John Cody Birdwell, conductor) – 15 September 2019
  • Allegheny College (Meadville, Pa.) Band Camp for Adult Musicians (Timothy W. Foley, conductor) - 14 June 2019
  • W.D. Packard Band (Warren, Ohio) (Stephen L. Gage, conductor) – 9 June 2019
  • University of Chicago (Ill.) Wind Ensemble (Chip De Stefano, conductor) – 19 May 2019
  • Contra Costa Wind Symphony (Walnut Creek, Calif.) (Brad Hogarth, conductor) – 5 May 2019


Works for Winds by this Composer


References

  • Arturo Márquez, Peer Music Classical
  • Márquez, A.; Nickel, O. (2009). Danzón No. 2 [score]. Hal Leonard: Milwaukee, Wisc.
  • Sotelo, Dario. "Danzón No. 2." In Teaching Music through Performance in Band. Volume 10, Compiled and edited by Richard Miles, 721-733. Chicago: GIA Publications, 2015.