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Concerto for Vibraphone

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Lee Hartman

Lee Hartman

General Info

Year: 2009
Duration: c. 29:00
Difficulty: VI (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher: Ragnarok Press
Cost: Score and Parts (print) - $200.00   |   Score Only (print) - $50.00

Movements (may be played individually)

1. Distant and Ancient Fanfares – 6:00
2. Interlude I. Imaginary Antarctic Bird Songs: Homage to Vaughan Williams – 2:00
3. Dreamscape Variations – 11:00
4. Interlude II. Meditation: Homage to Hovhaness – 2:30
5. Toccata a la Samba – 11:00


Full Score
Solo Vibraphone
C Piccolo/Flute III
Flute I-II
Oboe I-II
Oboe III/English Horn
Bassoon I-II
Bassoon III/Contrabassoon
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
B-flat Bass Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Saxophone
E-flat Alto Saxophone
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Trumpet I-II-III-IV-V
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II
Bass Trombone
String Bass
Percussion I-II-III-IV, including:

  • Agogo Bells
  • Bass Drum
  • Bodhrán
  • Brake Drum
  • Castanets
  • Chimes
  • Crotales
  • Finger Cymbals
  • Glockenspiel
  • Hi-Hat
  • Maracas
  • Marimba
  • Matraca
  • Prayer Bowl
  • Rainstick
  • Ratchet
  • Sandpaper Blocks
  • Shakers, plastic
  • Snare Drum
  • Splash Cymbal
  • Surdo, Primeira and Segunda
  • Suspended Cymbals (2)
  • Tambourine
  • Tam-Tam
  • Timbales
  • Triangle
  • Vibraphone
  • Whip
  • Wood Block, small and large
  • Xylophone


None discovered thus far.

Program Notes

Concertos for vibraphone are rare. Even educated percussionists are at a loss to name more than three. With this concerto, it was my intent to highlight this underutilized instrument in a soloistic capacity in a substantial piece. Cast in three large movements, separated by two brief percussion interludes, the piece serves as vehicle to showcase the vibraphone’s assets -- symmetric range, pedal, vibrato, pitch bend, bowing, and other timbral effects -- in an accessible, yet challenging, work.

Distant and Ancient Fanfares is based on a six-note synthetic scale. This movement vacillates between jarring noises, militaristic rhythms, flurries of sound, and dissonant hymns.

Imaginary Antarctic Bird Songs is a tribute to Ralph Vaughan Williams, who, in his Sinfonia antartica [sic], wrote one of the earliest exposed parts for vibraphone in the symphonic repertory. The harmonies in the piano are lifted from Vaughan Williams’ vibraphone part and the other percussionists perform a series of bird-like sounds.

Dreamscape Variations is a variation set on the material heard in the first two bars of the movement. A shimmering effect -- at first jokingly referred to as “vibraphony” -- is created through a series of homogeneous timbral polyrhythms. These patterns are found throughout the movement, and they create a synthetic “vibraphone ensemble” with each player having a different motor setting.

Meditation: Homage to Hovhaness pays tribute to Alan Hovhaness. In his Symphony No. 4, the second movement is a percussion feature in which the percussionist exchanges extended mixed-meter solos that continue through ensemble passages that are in a different tempo and meter. Hovhaness’ polymetric and polytempi ideas have been retained, as well as the extended mixed-meter solo. In further homage, Hovhaness’ name was treated in a modified soggetto cavato process and Morse code provided the rhythmic groupings.

Toccata a la Samba shows off the soloist’s agility. The rhythmic construct is the traditional samba patterns found in the national Brazilian dance and their inversions. Two dark jazz scales, Dorian Be-Bop and Phrygian Dominant, provide the melodic and harmonic material. This movement is dark, monolithic, and aggressive.

- Program Note by composer


Audio: UMKC Wind Symphony (Steven D. Davis, conductor; Jim Clanton, soloist) - 2010

State Ratings

None discovered thus far.


To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project

  • University of Missouri-Kansas City Wind Symphony (Steven D. Davis, conductor; Jim Clanton, vibraphone) - February 2010

Works for Winds by This Composer