Claude Arrieu (30 November 1903, Paris - 7 March 1990, Paris) was a prolific French composer.
Claude Arrieu was a classically trained musician from an early age. She became particularly interested in works by Bach and Mozart, and later, Igor Stravinsky. However, Gabriel Fauré, Claude Debussy, and Maurice Ravel provided her the greatest inspiration. Dreaming of a career as a virtuoso, she entered the Conservatoire de Paris in 1924. She became a piano student of Marguerite Long and took classes from Georges Caussade, Noël Gallon, Jean Roger-Ducasse and Paul Dukas. In 1932, she received first prize for composition.
From this point on, Arrieu developed her personal style. She was particularly interested in the evolution of musical language and various technical means available. In 1935, she joined the French Radio Broadcasting Program Service (« Service des programmes de la Radiodiffusion française »), where she was employed to 1947. She participated in the development of a wide range of programming, including Pierre Schaeffer’s experimental radio series La Coquille à planètes (1943–1944). In 1949, she won the Prix Italia of the RAI for her score Frédéric Général.
She wrote music in all styles, composing works of "pure music" as well as music for theatre, film, radio, and music hall, contributing her own voice to every situation, dramatic or comic, with a particular taste for rhythm and imagery. Her musical gift is typified by its ease of flow and elegance of structure. Vivacity, clarity of expression, and a natural feel for melody are her hallmarks.
Arrieu composed concertos for piano (1932), two pianos (1934), two concertos for violin (1938 and 1949), for flute (1946), trumpet and strings (1965). She also wrote Petite Suite en Cinq Parties (1945), Concerto for Wind Quintet and Strings (1962), Suite Funambulesque ("Tightrope Walker's Suite") (1961), and Variations for Classical Strings" (1970).
Among her important chamber music compositions are her Trio for Woodwinds (1936), Sonatina for Two Violins (1937), and Clarinet Quartet (1964). Her Sonatine for Flute and Piano made a big impression at its first radio performance in 1944 by Jean-Pierre Rampal and H. Means.
Although Arrieu’s instrumental works strongly contributed to her legacy, it is vocal music that most markedly distinguish her career. Voice inspired her to set many poems to music, including those by Joachim du Bellay, Louise Levêque de Vilmorin, Louis Aragon, Jean Cocteau, Jean Tardieu, Stéphane Mallarmé, and Paul Éluard.
Noteworthy film scores include Les Gueux au Paradis (1946), Crèvecoeur (1955), Niok l'éléphant (1957), Marchands de Rien (1958), Le Tombeur (1958), and Julie Charles (for television, 1974).
Pierre Schaeffer writes: "Claude Arrieu is part of her time by virtue of a presence, an instinct of efficiency, a bold fidelity. Whatever the means, concertos or songs, music for official events, concerts for the elite or for a crowd of spectators, she delivered emotion through an impeccable technique and a spiritual vigilance, finding the path to the heart."
Works for Winds
- Concert: Pour Quintette à Vent et Cordes
- Dixtour pour Instruments à Vent (1970)
- Quintette en Ut pour Instruments à Vent
- Trio en Ut, por Hautbois, Clarinette et Bassoon