Subtitle: Grand Passacaglia for Narrator, Wind Symphony, and Fixed Media, op. 17 (2021, rev. 2023)
E-flat Soprano Clarinet
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III*
B-flat Bass Clarinet
B-flat Contrabass Clarinet
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
C Trumpet I-II-III*
Horn in F I-II-III-IV*
Percussion I-II-III, including:
- Bongos (2)
- Brake Drum
- Lion's roar
- Snare Drum
- Suspended Cymbals (2: small and medium)
- Tom-toms (3: small, medium, and large)
- Wood Blocks (5)
None discovered thus far.
Carlos Sampayan Bulosan (November 24, 1913 – September 11, 1956) was an English-language Filipino novelist and poet who immigrated to America on July 1, 1930. He never returned to the Philippines and he spent most of his life in the United States. His best-known work today is the semi-autobiographical America Is in the Heart, but he first gained fame for his 1943 essay, "Freedom from Want."
- Program Note from Wikipedia
My D.M.A. dissertation project is a musical composition for wind ensemble and narrator entitled Bulosan: On American Democracy. Consistent with my interest in Filipino and Filipino-American sources, the work draws inspiration from selected excerpts from two important literary opuses written by the immigrant labor union organizer and writer, Carlos Bulosan (1913-1956), who was active in California and Washington State in the 1930s and 40s. In both his semi-autobiographical novel, America is in the Heart (1946), and the essay, “Freedom from Want” (1943), commissioned by the Saturday Evening Post to accompany Norman Rockwell’s painting of the same name, Bulosan wrote on themes about the preservation of American democracy at a time when it was under threat by the rise of Fascism in Western Europe and Authoritarian Communism in the Soviet Union. Despite the current body of literature and scholarship focused on the writer’s life and contributions, as well as the awareness and inclusion of America is in the Heart in numerous offerings of Asian American Studies courses in universities across the country, Bulosan’s reputation largely remains unknown to most. Therefore, one of the main drivers of this project is to provoke interest in and pay homage to the legacy of Carlos Bulosan’s ideas at a time when the principles of American democracy and personal liberty for all are being challenged in our time.
The composition Bulosan: On American Democracy is fashioned after the ancient Baroque passacaglia form of continuous variations which unfold in counterpoint against a fixed bass melody that recurs throughout. This is a deliberate compositional choice because of the form’s capacity to express an evolving musical argument that steadily gains momentum with repeated iterations of the fixed subject, much like the way a contemplation of Bulosan’s profound message would increasingly resonate and evolve with thoughtful consideration in one’s mind over time. When one considers the ability of music to illustrate the argument and evolution of ideas over time, the conflation of a musical argument with a narrative or philosophical one can be effective as made evident in the numerous programmatic works in the canon, particularly those from the 19th century. The fusion of the passacaglia form with a narrative element thereby emphasizes the idea of the grand passacaglia as a grand meditation, a focused introspection and emotional response to thoughts on American democracy invoked by the narrator.
The work comprises three parts, illuminating the texts of Carlos Bulosan:
*Part One: Why was America so kind and yet so cruel?
*Part Two: We must live in America where there is freedom for all
*Part Three: We are all Americans that have toiled and suffered and known oppression and defeat
- Program Note by composer
N.B. Extended program notes are found in the Perusal score.
- Ablaze Records: Wind Orchestra Masters Call-for-Scores, 2022, winner.
- Audio: Reference recording. Ensemble and conductor unknown
- Audio: Reference recording. MIDI realization
None discovered thus far.
To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project
Works for Winds by This Composer
- Andres Luz, personal correspondence, February and August 2021
- Andres R. Luz website Accessed 15 February 2021
- Carlos Bulosan, Wikipedia. Accessed 29 July 2021
- The Horizon Leans Forward…, compiled and edited by Erik Kar Jun Leung, GIA Publications, 2021, p. 401.
- Luz, Andres Reyes. Compositional Innovations in Passacaglia/Chaconne Forms from the Late 19th to Early 21st Centuries and their Influence upon an Original Composition -- Bulosan: On American Democracy, Grand Passacaglia for Narrator and Wind Symphony. 2022. University of Georgia, DMA dissertation.
- Perusal score