Alexander "Sandy" Mair Courage, Jr. (10 December 1919, Philadelphia, Pa. – 15 May 2008, Pacific Palisades, Calif.) was an American orchestrator, arranger, and composer of music, primarily for television and film. He is best known as the composer of the theme music for the original Star Trek TV series.
Courage was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He received a music degree from the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York, in 1941. He served in the United States Army Air Forces in the western United States during the Second World War. During that period, he also found the time to compose music for the radio. His credits in this medium include the programs Broadway Is My Beat, Hollywood Soundstage, and Romance.
Courage is probably best known for writing the theme music for Star Trek, and some other music for the series. Courage was hired by Gene Roddenberry to score the original Star Trek television show at Jerry Goldsmith's suggestion, after the latter turned down the job. Courage reportedly became alienated from Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry over the latter's claim for half of the music royalties for the words he wrote for Courage's Star Trek theme song.
Notably, after later being Goldsmith's orchestrator when Goldsmith composed the music for Star Trek: The Motion Picture, Courage orchestrated Goldsmith's adaptation of Courage's own original Star Trek theme.
Works for Winds
- Main Theme from "Star Trek: The Original Series" (arr. Vives) (1966)
- Symphonic Suite from "Star Trek" (1966)
- Theme from "Star Trek" (arr. Jennings) (1966/1994)