Aaron Copland (14 November 1900, Brooklyn, N.Y. - 2 December 1990, Sleepy Hollow, N.Y.) was an American composer, often referred to as "the Dean of American composers."
He studied closely with the legendary pedagogue Nadia Boulanger, and his music achieved a balance between modern music and American folk styles, and the open, slowly changing harmonies of many of his works are said to evoke the vast American landscape. Copland incorporated percussive orchestration, changing meter, polyrhythms, polychords and tone rows.
In the 1970s, Copland virtually stopped composing, although he continued to conduct. In addition to composing and conducting, Copland wrote several books, including What to Listen for in Music (1939), Music and Imagination (1952), and Copland on Music (1960).
Copland was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in composition for Appalachian Spring. His scores for Of Mice and Men (1939), Our Town (1940), and The North Star (1943) all received Academy Award nominations, while The Heiress won Best Music in 1949.
Works for Winds
- Appalachian Spring (arr. Morita) (1944)
- Appalachian Spring (arr. Patterson) (1944)
- "Buckaroo Holiday" from Rodeo (tr. Megan)
- "Buckaroo Holiday" from Rodeo (tr. Sudduth)
- Canticle of Freedom (arr. Duffy) (2000)
- Celebration (arr. Lang) (1938/1945)
- Ceremonial Fanfare
- A Copland Portrait (arr. Grundman) (1986)
- A Copland Tribute (arr. Grundman) (1986)
- Danzón Cubano (tr. Rogers) (1949/2000)
- Down a Country Lane (tr. Patterson) (1962/1991)
- El Salón México (tr. Hindsley) (1939/1972)
- Emblems (1964)
- Excerpts from "Appalachian Spring" (arr. Longfield) (1944)
- Fanfare for the Common Man (1942/1944)
- Fanfare for the Common Man (arr. Longfield) (1942/1944/2007)
- Finale from "Symphony No. 3" (trans. Patterson) (1946/)
- Hoe Down from "Rodeo" (arr. Moss)
- Hoe Down from "Rodeo" (tr. Rogers)
- Inaugural Fanfare
- Letter from Home (arr. Belski) (1944)
- A Lincoln Potrait (tr. Beeler) (1942/1951)
- Old American Songs (arr. Moss) (1950/2006)
- Old American Songs (arr. Silvester) (1950/2001)
- Old American Songs, Set II (arr. Duffy) (1952/2001
- Our Town (arr. Singleton)
- An Outdoor Overture (1938/1948)
- Preamble for a Solemn Occasion (1949/1974)
- The Promise of Living (arr. Curnow) (1954/2012)
- The Promise of Living (tr. Duffy) (1954/2000)
- The Promise of Living (tr. Hile) (1954)
- The Promise of Living (tr. Singleton) (1954/2002)
- Quiet City (arr. Hunsberger) (1941/1992)
- The Red Pony (1969)
- Scenes from "Billy the Kid" (arr. Hilliard) (1941/2000)
- Symphony No. 3. See: Finale from "Symphony No. 3"
- Themes from "An Outdoor Overture" (arr. Curnow) (1938/2014)
- Three Excerpts from "Our Town" and "Simple Gifts" (arr. Cohen)
- Variations on a Shaker Melody (1960)
- Waltz and Celebration (arr. Lang) (1944/1972)
- Aaron Copland, Prized Composers, University of Washington
- Copland, Aaron. Music and Imagination Digital Text
- Copland, Aaron. Copland on Music Digital Text
- An Educators Guide to the Music of Aaron Copland on the United States Army Field Band - Washington D.C. Website
- Miles, Richard B., and Larry Blocher. (2010). Teaching Music through Performance in Band. Volume 1. Chicago: GIA Publications. pp. 134.
- Svanoe, Erika Kirsten. (2009) El Salón México by Aaron Copland: A Study and Comparison of the Orchestral Score and Two Transcriptions for Band. Doctoral Dissertation Ohio State University.